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ID: 300193270
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300193270

 

Record Type: concept
Mexican American (Hispanic American, modern North American, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the culture, style, and movement of Mexican Americans in the United States, particularly as beginning in the 19th century, characterized by artistic and political discussions addressing social issues relevant to Mexican and Chicano communities. The movement is driven by a rediscovery of Pre-Columbian indigenous styles, the development of highly expressionistic Mexican mural painting, and by controversies in cultural studies surrounding bi-culturalism and ethnic heritage and identity. The movement also reveals strong regionalist elements, promoting vernacular forms and techniques to expound traditional and contemporary iconography. In urban communities, the movement is characterized by the creation of customized cars known as low-riders and by graffiti art.
 
Terms:
Mexican American (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
American, Mexican (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Mexican-American (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Chicano (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Chicana (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Chicanx (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
奇卡諾 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
墨西哥裔美國人 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
qǐ kǎ nuò (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
qi ka nuo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
ch'i k'a no (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U)
Mexicaans-Amerikaans (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Mexicoamericano (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by region>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by region> (G)
Hierarchy of Americas, The
............ Americas, The (G)
Hierarchy of modern American
................ modern American (G)
Hierarchy of modern North American
.................... modern North American (G)
Hierarchy of Hispanic American
........................ Hispanic American (G)
Hierarchy of Mexican American
............................ Mexican American (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指十九世紀至二十世紀時的墨西哥裔美國人運動,其特色是在藝術上和政治上討論與墨西哥裔美國人社區有關的社會議題。該運動受到幾股力量的推動,包括對前哥倫布時代之本土風格的再發現,高度表現性的墨西哥壁畫的發展,以及對二元文化主義、種族遺產與認同等方面的文化研究爭議。該運動也造就了強烈的地方主義元素,以本土方言形式和技法論述傳統及當代的圖像學。在城市社區中,該運動以客製化的低底盤轎車,以及塗鴉藝術為特徵。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de Mexicaans-Amerikaanse stroming in de Verenigde Staten in de 19de en 20ste eeuw die zich kenmerkt door artistieke en politieke discussies over sociale kwesties die relevant zijn voor de Mexicaanse gemeenschap en de Chicano-gemeenschap. Centraal in deze stroming staan de herontdekking van Precolumbiaanse inheemse stijlen, de ontwikkeling van een zeer expressionistische Mexicaanse muurschilderstijl en geschillen over culturele studies omtrent het biculturalisme en het etnische erfgoed en de etnische identiteit. De stroming wordt ook gekenmerkt door sterke regionalistische elementen, waarbij de nadruk wordt gelegd op lokale vormen en technieken om de traditionele en hedendaagse iconografie af te beelden. In stedelijke gemeenschappen kenmerkt de stroming zich door het maken van customized auto's, de zogenoemde low-riders, en door graffitikunst. 
Spanish ..... Refiérase al movimiento mexicano-americano en los Estados Unidos durante los siglos XIX y XX, caracterizados por discusiones artísticas y políticas que trata los problemas sociales relevantes a las comunidades mexicanas y Chicanas. El movimiento es conducido por un redescubrimiento de estilos indígenas pre-Colombinos, el desarrollo de la pintura mexicana del mural, y por controversias en los estudios culturales que rodean al multiculturalismo e identidades étnicas. El movimiento también revela elementos fuertes del regionalismo, promoviendo formas y técnicas vernáculas para exponer la iconografía tradicional y contemporánea. 

Sources and Contributors:
奇卡諾............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 10, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 10, 2012
墨西哥裔美國人............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  智慧藏百科全書網 August 10, 2012
American, Mexican............  [VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Chicana............  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chicano............  [VP]
.................  Art in America (1913-) illustration, Vol. 8, No. 6, 84, June 1992. "Chicano identities." eva Sperling Cockcroft.
.................  Avery Index (1963-)
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Latin American Artists of the USA: Chicano" Accessed 8/2/00
.................  Kanellos, Hispanic-American Almanac (1993) 40
.................  Museum News (1924-) Vol. 6, No. 6, 26, Review "Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985"
.................  Quirarte, Mexican American Artists (1973) 132, equates Chicano & Mexican American. Seems to consider Chicano more politically correct, but slightly
Chicanx............  [VP]
.................  NY Times (1851-)
ch'i k'a no............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Mexicaans-Amerikaans............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Mexican American............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Avery Index (1963-)
.............................  Kanellos, Hispanic-American Almanac (1993) 40
.............................  Latin American Spirit (1988) TABC, Jacinto Quirarte. Mexican and Mexican American Artists: 1920-1970.
.............................  Quirarte, Mexican American Artists (1973) 132
.............................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Mexican-American............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Mexicoamericano............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  TAA database (2000-)
qi ka nuo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
qǐ kǎ nuò............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  Avery Index (1963-) Architecture--Mexican American
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Chicano art; precoor.; Mexican American art; Mexican American architecture
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Mexican American art; Mexican American architecture
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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