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ID: 300265183

 

Record Type: concept
faience (composite material) (composite material, combination inorganic/organic material, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: A composite material consisting of a body of sintered quartz coupled with an alkaline glaze surface, and used for decorating beads, amulets, figurines, and other small objects. It was invented in Mesopotamia or Iran ca. 4500 BCE, and produced through the mid-7th century CE.
 
Terms:
faience (composite material) (preferred,C,U,,English-P,D,U,N)
faience (samengesteld materiaal) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sintered quartz (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
glazed frit (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
composition (composite faience) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
paste (composite faience) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
彩陶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
cǎi táo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
cai tao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ts'ai t'ao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of combination inorganic/organic material
................ combination inorganic/organic material (G)
Hierarchy of composite material
.................... composite material (G)
Hierarchy of faience (composite material)
........................ faience (composite material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種合成材料,由燒結過的石英構成,表面則為鹼性釉料。用於裝飾珠子、護身符、雕像及其他小型物件。約西元前4500年時發明於美索不達米亞或伊朗,一直生產至西元七世紀中。 
Dutch ..... Samengesteld materiaal bestaande uit een romp van gesinterde kwarts met een oppervlak van alkalisch glazuur, gebruikt voor het decoreren van kralen, amuletten, beeldjes en andere kleine voorwerpen. De techniek is circa 4500 v. Chr. uitgevonden in Mesopotamië, en werd tot halverwege de 7de eeuw n. Chr. toegepast. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  faience (ancient objects)
......................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300265177]

Sources and Contributors:
cai tao............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
cǎi táo............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
composition (composite faience)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985)
faience (composite material)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 123543 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 January 2005
...............................................  Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985) 133-134
...............................................  Sasson, Civilizations of the Ancient Near East (1995) 1548
glazed frit............  [VP]
.......................  Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985) 133-134
paste (composite faience)............  [VP]
............................................  Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985)
sintered quartz............  [VP]
.............................  Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985) 133-134
ts'ai t'ao............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
彩陶............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
...........  世界藝術史 p. 892
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 610
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 623
 
Subject: .....  [GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 123543 checked 26 January 2012
............  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 297
............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 January 2005
............  Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985) 133-134
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 26 January 2005
.......... Moorey, Materials and Manufacture in Ancient Mesopotamia(1985) 133-134
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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