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ID: 300053225

 

Record Type: concept
engraving (printing process) (intaglio printing processes, printing processes, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: The intaglio process in which the design is incised into a printing plate, usually a flat copper plate, with the aid of a graver or burin that is held in the palm of the hand and pushed against the copper to cut lines comprising V-shaped grooves. The plate is then inked up, wiped so that ink is retained in the grooves and then forced out under the pressure of the printing process to create lines on the paper. The technique was first developed in the early 15th century in Germany, probably by goldsmiths who wished to keep records of the designs they had engraved on their wares. The process is distinct from "wood engraving (process)," which is a process for relief printing; "wood cut (process)" refers to engraving wood blocks for printing. Historically, "engraving" has sometimes been used incorrectly to refer to all printmaking processes, particulalry any process employing printing plates. For the single step of incising an inscription or design into any surface, not only a printing plate, see "engraving (incising)."
 
Terms:
engraving (printing process) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,U)
graveren (drukprocédé) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gegraveerd (drukprocédé) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
grabado (proceso de impresión) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  K.KT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Activities Facet
Activities Facet
Hierarchy of Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)
.... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of <processes and techniques (processes and techniques)>
........ <processes and techniques (processes and techniques)> (G)
Hierarchy of <processes and techniques by specific type>
............ <processes and techniques by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of image-making processes and techniques
................ image-making processes and techniques (G)
Hierarchy of <printing and printing processes and techniques>
.................... <printing and printing processes and techniques> (G)
Hierarchy of printing processes
........................ printing processes (G)
Hierarchy of intaglio printing processes
............................ intaglio printing processes (G)
Hierarchy of engraving (printing process)
................................ engraving (printing process) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Wordt gebruikt voor het diepdrukproces waarbij het ontwerp in de drukplaat wordt gegroefd. Wordt onderscheiden van 'houtgraveren', want dat is een reliëfdrukprocédé. Is in het verleden soms gebruikt om te verwijzen naar drukprocédés in het algemeen, meestal die procédés waarbij gebruik werd gemaakt van drukplaten; gebruik de juiste voor- en achtervoegsels om de term te specificeren. Gebruik 'graveren (inkerven)' als het uitsluitend gaat om de handeling van het insnijden van het patroon. 
Spanish ..... El proceso de la talla en el cual el diseño se incide en la placa de impresión. Distinto del "grabado de madera (proceso),” que es un proceso para la impresión de relevación. Históricamente, se ha utilizado a veces para referirse a procesos impresos que empleaban las placas. Para incidir en el diseño, utilizar el "grabado (la incisión).” 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  engraving (action)
..................................  (<subtractive processes and techniques>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300053829]
distinguished from ....  wood engraving (process)
..................................  (relief printing processes, printing processes, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300053303]
performed by ....  engravers (printmakers)
......................  (printmakers, <artists by medium or work type>, ... People) [300025165]
produces ....  engravings (prints)
................  (intaglio prints, <prints by process: transfer method>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300041340]

Sources and Contributors:
engraving (printing process)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 123330 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Engraving
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...............................................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s) Engraving
...............................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) Engraving
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
...............................................  Murray, Dictionary of Art and Artists (1971) sometimes used to cover all methods of multiplying prints.; Engraving
...............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Engraving
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) 144; Engraving
gegraveerd (drukprocédé)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
grabado (proceso de impresión)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.....................................................  Enciclopedia Focal de Fotografía (1975) II:858
graveren (drukprocédé)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123330 checked 26 January 2012
............  Elseviers Dictionary printing (1983)
............  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s) engraved; Engrave
............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 753; engraved
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2008-)
.......... Gascoigne, How to Identify Prints (1986)
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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