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ID: 300028749

 

Record Type: concept
watermarks (<marks by location or context>, marks (symbols), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Faint designs or devices incorporated into paper as it is made and appearing as translucent or shaded areas visual only through transmitted light. They are often used to give the name of the manufacturer and the date of the paper's manufacture; symbols, seals, and initials are also common. Watermarks have also been used to detect and prevent counterfeiting and forgery. Watermarks were first introduced in Bologna, Italy in 1282.
 
Terms:
watermarks (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
watermark (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
water marks (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
water mark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
water-marks (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
water-mark (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
filigrains (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
filigrain (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
marks in paper (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
watermerken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,PN)
watermerk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,SN)
papiermerken (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,N)
filigranes (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
filigrane (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)  ............ Italian plural/French singular
filigrane (French,AD,U,SN)
Wasserzeichen (C,U,German-P,D,U,PN)
filigrana (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
filigrana (Italian,AD,U,SN)
filigranas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
marcas al agua (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,PN)
marca al agua (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
marca de agua (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
vattenstämpel (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)
papermarks (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term used prior to ca. 1790

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VW

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of Information Forms (Hierarchy Name)
........ Information Forms (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of information forms (objects)
............ information forms (objects) (G)
Hierarchy of document genres
................ document genres (G)
Hierarchy of <document genres by function>
.................... <document genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of <identifying markings and symbols>
........................ <identifying markings and symbols> (G)
Hierarchy of marks (symbols)
............................ marks (symbols) (G)
Hierarchy of <marks by location or context>
................................ <marks by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of watermarks
.................................... watermarks (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Merken die in papier worden verwerkt wanneer dit wordt gemaakt, en die worden weergegeven als doorschijnende of schaduwgebieden die alleen zichtbaar zijn als er licht doorheen valt. In een watermerk worden vaak de naam van de fabrikant en de productiedatum van het papier verwerkt. Symbolen, zegels en initialen komen ook vaak voor. Watermerken worden ook gebruikt om vervalsingen en namaak op te sporen en te voorkomen. Ze werden voor het eerst gebruikt in 1282 in Bologna. 
Spanish ..... Marcas incorporadas en el papel al momento de fabricarlo y que aparecen como áreas transparentes; a menudo usadas para dar el nombre del fabricante y la fecha de la fabricación del papel. 

Sources and Contributors:
filigrain............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
filigrains............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
filigrana............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
....................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 200
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Lapedes, Diccionario de Términos Científicos y Técnicos (1981) 5:2824
....................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (2000-)
....................  Valls i Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (1970)
filigranas............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford Spanish Dictionary (2003) 1914
.......................  Valls i Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (1970)
filigrane............  [VP]
....................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 347
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 452
filigranes............  [VP]
.......................  Briquet, Les Filigranes (1907, 1968) title
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 262
.......................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 452
marca al agua............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
..........................  Vives, Guía para la identificacion de grabados (2003) 300
marca de agua............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..........................  Martín and Tapiz, DEAIG (1981)
..........................  Martín, Diccionario Enciclopédico de las Artes e Industrias Gráficas (1981)
..........................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (2000-)
marcas al agua............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
marks in paper............  [VP]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
papermarks............  [VP]
.......................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 28 July 2004
papiermerken............  [VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed per spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 264
vattenstämpel............  [VP]
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Wasserzeichen............  [VP]
..........................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 262
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..........................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 425
..........................  van Daalen and Bockholdt, Der Utrechter Lasso, Tijdschr. Verngng. Neder. Muziek (1980) 87
water mark............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
water-mark............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
watermark............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
watermarks............  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 130455 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Evans et al., ICA Handbook Series (1984)
.......................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 258
.......................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.......................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 328
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (2000-)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.......................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
water marks............  [VP]
.......................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
water-marks............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 328
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 1 November 2007
.......................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
watermerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 443
watermerken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Koninklijke Bibliotheek (2004-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130455 checked 26 January 2012
............  Briquet, Les Filigranes (1907, 1968)
............  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947)
............  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952)
............  Valls i Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (1970)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 28 July 2004
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 28 July 2004
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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