The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300028749

 

Record Type: concept
watermarks (<marks by location or context>, marks (symbols), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Faint designs or devices incorporated into paper as it is made and appearing as translucent or shaded areas visual only through transmitted light. They are often used to give the name of the manufacturer and the date of the paper's manufacture; symbols, seals, and initials are also common. Watermarks have also been used to detect and prevent counterfeiting and forgery. Watermarks were first introduced in Bologna, Italy in 1282.
 
Terms:
watermarks (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
watermark (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
water marks (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
water mark (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
water-marks (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
water-mark (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
filigrains (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
filigrain (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
marks in paper (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
浮水印 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
水印 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
fú shuǐ yìn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
fu shui yin (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
fu shui yin (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
watermerken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,PN)
watermerk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,SN)
papiermerken (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,N)
filigranes (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
filigrane (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)  ............ Italian plural/French singular
filigrane (Italian-P,D,U,PN)
Wasserzeichen (C,U,German-P,D,U,PN)
filigrana (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
filigrana (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
filigranas (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
marcas al agua (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,PN)
marca al agua (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
marca de agua (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)
vattenstämpel (C,U,Swedish,AD,U,SN)
papermarks (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ term used prior to ca. 1790

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VW

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of Information Forms (Hierarchy Name)
........ Information Forms (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of information forms (objects)
............ information forms (objects) (G)
Hierarchy of document genres
................ document genres (G)
Hierarchy of <document genres by function>
.................... <document genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of <identifying markings and symbols>
........................ <identifying markings and symbols> (G)
Hierarchy of marks (symbols)
............................ marks (symbols) (G)
Hierarchy of <marks by location or context>
................................ <marks by location or context> (G)
Hierarchy of watermarks
.................................... watermarks (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 印製時於紙張中的半透明或陰影區圖案,透過光線才能看見。常用來提供製造業者名稱,以及該紙的製造日期;符號、圖章,和起首字母也很常見。浮水印亦曾用來查驗並避免仿造和偽造。浮水印於西元1282年,義大利的波隆那首度問世。 
Dutch ..... Merken die in papier worden verwerkt wanneer dit wordt gemaakt, en die worden weergegeven als doorschijnende of schaduwgebieden die alleen zichtbaar zijn als er licht doorheen valt. In een watermerk worden vaak de naam van de fabrikant en de productiedatum van het papier verwerkt. Symbolen, zegels en initialen komen ook vaak voor. Watermerken worden ook gebruikt om vervalsingen en namaak op te sporen en te voorkomen. Ze werden voor het eerst gebruikt in 1282 in Bologna. 
Spanish ..... Marcas incorporadas en el papel al momento de fabricarlo y que aparecen como áreas transparentes; a menudo usadas para dar el nombre del fabricante y la fecha de la fabricación del papel. 

Sources and Contributors:
filigrain............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
filigrains............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
filigrana............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
....................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 200
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Lapedes, Diccionario de Términos Científicos y Técnicos (1981) 5:2824
....................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (2000-)
....................  Valls i Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (1970)
filigranas............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford Spanish Dictionary (2003) 1914
.......................  Valls i Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (1970)
filigrane............  [VP]
....................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 347
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 452
filigranes............  [VP]
.......................  Briquet, Les Filigranes (1907, 1968) title
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 262
.......................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 452
fu shui yin............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
fú shuǐ yìn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
marca al agua............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
..........................  Vives, Guía para la identificacion de grabados (2003) 300
marca de agua............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..........................  Martín and Tapiz, DEAIG (1981)
..........................  Martín, Diccionario Enciclopédico de las Artes e Industrias Gráficas (1981)
..........................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (2000-)
marcas al agua............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
marks in paper............  [VP]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
papermarks............  [VP]
.......................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 28 July 2004
papiermerken............  [VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed per spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 264
vattenstämpel............  [VP]
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Wasserzeichen............  [VP]
..........................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 262
..........................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
..........................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 425
..........................  van Daalen and Bockholdt, Der Utrechter Lasso, Tijdschr. Verngng. Neder. Muziek (1980) 87
water mark............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
water-mark............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
watermark............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
watermarks............  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 130455 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Evans et al., ICA Handbook Series (1984)
.......................  Harrod's Librarians' Glossary (1984)
.......................  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947) 258
.......................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.......................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 328
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (2000-)
.......................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.......................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
water marks............  [VP]
.......................  Zinkham and Parker, Descriptive Terms for Graphic Materials (1986)
water-marks............  [VP]
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 328
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 1 November 2007
.......................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
watermerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
....................  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952) 443
watermerken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Koninklijke Bibliotheek (2004-)
浮水印............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 September 4, 2012
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 494
水印............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 September 4, 2012
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 4, 2012
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 4, 2012
...........  朗文當代大辭典 1971
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130455 checked 26 January 2012
............  Briquet, Les Filigranes (1907, 1968)
............  Hunter, Papermaking: History of an Ancient Craft (1947)
............  Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper (1952)
............  Valls i Subirà, Paper and Watermarks in Catalonia (1970)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 28 July 2004
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 28 July 2004
.......... IFLA Glossary for Art Librarians (1984)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust