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ID: 300014922

 

Record Type: concept
plaster (<coating by composition or origin>, coating (material), ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Refers to a soft, plastic material that can be spread or daubed on a wall, ceiling, or other surface, where it afterwards hardens. In the context of art and architecture, it generally refers specifically to a mixture of water, lime, and sand, often combined with other materials, such as animal hair, to give the resulting material strength, texture, and if the surface is to be painted, porosity.
 
Terms:
plaster (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
plasters (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
pleister (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
plâtre (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
plâtres (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
enlucido (material) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (material)
................ coating (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <coating by composition or origin>
.................... <coating by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of plaster
........................ plaster (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar zacht, plastic materiaal dat kan worden uitgerold of uitgestreken op een muur, plafond of ander oppervlak waarop het vervolgens verhardt. In de context van kunst en architectuur verwijst het meestal specifiek naar een mengsel van water, kalk en zand, vaak in combinatie met andere materialen zoals dierenhaar, waardoor het materiaal meer kracht, textuur en - als het oppervlak daarna wordt geschilderd - poreusheid krijgt. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un material blando y plástico que puede ser aplicado o embadurnado en una pared, techo u otra superficie, donde endurece posteriormente. En el contexto de arte y arquitectura, se refiere en general específicamente a una mezcla de agua, caliza y arena, a veces combinada con otros materiales tales como pelo animal, para dar al material resultante resistencia, textura y, si la superficie debe ser pintada, porosidad.  

Related concepts:
material for ....  plasterwork (visual works)
......................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300015343]
required for ....  plastering
......................  (coating (process), <surface covering processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300053864]
used by ....  plasterers
............  (construction workers, <people in engineering, building trades and planning>, ... People) [300025028]

Sources and Contributors:
enlucido (material)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
...................................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 165
plaster............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 127449 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Andrews, Living Materials (1983) 33
.................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Harris, Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 367
.................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981) 346
.................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) subhead.
.................  Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dictionary (1985)
plasters............  [VP]
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
plâtre............  [CHIN Preferred]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
plâtres............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
pleister............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 127449 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) plasters; Cements, mortars, and plasters
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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