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ID: 300014910

 

Record Type: concept
enamel (fused coating) (<coating by composition or origin>, coating (material), ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: A semi-transparent or opaque vitreous, porcelain-like coating applied by fusion to metal, glass, or ceramic, having a glossy appearance after hardening. Enamel is typically made from powdered fusible glasses (e.g., quartz, feldspar, clay, soda, and borax) and opaque colorants (e.g., cobalt blue, tin oxide) mixed with oil or water, then painted or sprayed on the object and fired up to 800 C. Enamel is used to protect a surface, to decorate objects in various colors and patterns, to form a surface for encaustic painting, and for other purposes.
 
Terms:
enamel (fused coating) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
enamels (fused coatings) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
inorganic enamel (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
email (materiaal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
emaille (materiaal) (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,N)
émail (fused coating) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
émails (fused coatings) (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
Emaille (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
esmalte (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (material)
................ coating (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <coating by composition or origin>
.................... <coating by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of enamel (fused coating)
........................ enamel (fused coating) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een meestal ondoorzichtig, glasachtig deklaagje hoofdzakelijk bestaande uit kwarts, veldspaat, klei, natriumcarbonaat en borax, dat door inbranding wordt aangebracht op ondergronden van met name metaal, keramiek of glas; het glanst als het hard is geworden. 
Spanish ..... Sustancia de revestimiento habitualmente opaca y vítrea compuesta fundamentalmente de cuarzo, feldespato, arcilla, soda y bórax, aplicada por fusión a superficies tales como metal, cerámica o vidrio. Tiene un aspecto brillante al endurecerse. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  enamels (visual works)
......................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300178264]
required for ....  enameling
......................  (coating (process), <surface covering processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300053773]
used by ....  enamelers
............  (<people in crafts and trades by material>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People) [300025258]

Sources and Contributors:
émail (fused coating)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
......................................  CHIN database (1988-)
email (materiaal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Emaille............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
emaille (materiaal)............  [VP]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-) okayed in spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
émails (fused coatings)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (1997-)
enamel (fused coating)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 123291 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 277
.........................................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.........................................  Putnam and Carlson, Architectural and Building Trades Dictionary (1974)
.........................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.........................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.........................................  Tate Gallery, Completing the Picture (1982)
.........................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
enamels (fused coatings)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules enamels
esmalte............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.................  Grech, Diccionario plurilingüe de términos de arqutectura y construcción (1998) 90
.................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 158
inorganic enamel............  [VP]
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 123291 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Enamel and enamelling
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Canton enamel; Limoges enamel; enamel, British; Roman enamel; Battersea enamel; Gothic enamel; Baroque enamel; Enamel, Chinese; Medieval enamel; Byzantine enamel; Romanesque enamel; Anglo-Saxon enamel; Carolingian enamel; Renaissance enamel; Merovingian enamel; Georgian (Transcaucasia) enamel
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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