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ID: 300014585

 

Record Type: concept
wax (organic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Any solid or semi-solid substance that is slightly greasy to touch, usually solid, translucent, and has a low melting point; waxes are not a chemically homogeneous group. Waxes are composed of long chain hydrocarbon compounds, and may contain esters of fatty acids and alcohols, are thermoplastic and melt at low temperatures of between 40 and 100 C. In general, waxes are water-repellent, smooth, soluble in organic solvents, and classified as animal (e.g., beeswax), vegetable (e.g., bayberry), mineral (e.g., paraffin), or synthetic (e.g., polyethylene). Waxes are used for polishes, candles, crayons, sealants, coatings, adhesives, waterproofing, carbon paper, media in encaustic and wax emulsion paintings, and as repellents in wax-resist watercolor paintings.
 
Terms:
wax (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
wax (Dutch,UF,U,U)
waxes (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
la (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
la (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
was (C,U,Dutch,D,U,U)
cire (wax) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
cires (waxes) (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
cera (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
cera (Italian-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of wax
.................... wax (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 任何觸感稍為油膩、通常為固體、半透明、熔點低之固態或半固態物質。蠟並非一個化學同質群體,而是由長鏈烴化合物組成,可能含有脂肪酸酯和醇,具熱塑性塑料,熔於攝氏40到100度的低溫。一般來說,蠟防水、光滑、可溶於有機溶劑,並經分類為動物(如蜂蠟)、蔬菜(如楊梅蠟)、礦物(如石蠟)、或合成物(如聚乙烯蠟)。蠟用於擦亮劑、蠟燭、蠟筆、密封劑、塗層、膠黏劑、防水、複寫紙、蠟畫或乳蠟畫的媒材,以及蠟飾水彩畫的防水劑。 
Dutch ..... Aanduiding voor diverse materialen die, hoewel ze geen chemisch homogene groep vormen, bepaalde fysieke kenmerken gemeen hebben, en meestal vast en doorschijnend zijn en een laag smeltpunt hebben. 
Spanish ..... Designa una variedad de materiales los cuales, aunque no sean un grupo químicamente homogéneo, comparten ciertas características físicas tales como ser habitualmente sólidos, translúcidos y tener un bajo punto de fusión. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  waxworks (sculpture)
......................  (<sculpture by material>, sculpture (visual work), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300312200]
required for ....  waxing
......................  (<protective processes and techniques>, <processes and techniques by specific type>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300380039]
used by ....  wax workers
............  (sculptors, <artists by medium or work type>, ... People) [300378951]

Sources and Contributors:
cera............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, ICCD Preferred]
...........  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 3:665
...........  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 5:2826
...........  ICCD database (1988-)
...........  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 364
cire (wax)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
cires (waxes)............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
la............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
là............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
was............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
wax............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  AATA database (2002-) 130468 checked 26 January 2012
...........  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 846
...........  Brommelle et al, eds., Adhesives and Consolidents (1984)
...........  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
...........  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 428
...........  McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms (1978)
...........  National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Glossary of Terms (1988)
...........  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
waxes............  [VP]
..............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..............  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966)
..............  Mills and White, Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects (1987) 41
..............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
蠟............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 14, 2009
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 March 6, 2012
........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 195
........  智慧藏百科全書網 March 6, 2012
........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1973
........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 1792
........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 2048
........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 494
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 130468 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-) accessed 31 January 2008
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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