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ID: 300014570

 

Record Type: concept
plastic (organic material) (organic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: A general term for any of a large and varied class of natural or synthetic organic materials that can be molded, extruded, or cast when soft or liquid, and then set into a rigid or slightly elastic form. Natural plastics include tree resins, beeswax, gutta-percha, horn, and clay. Synthetic plastics were first made in the 19th century. Plastics are used widely in manufacturing.
 
Terms:
plastic (organic material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
plastic (organic material) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
plastics (organic materials) (C,U,LC,English,AD,U,N)
塑膠 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
可塑材料 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
塑料 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
合成樹脂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
sù jiāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
su jiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
su chiao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
plastique (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
plastiques (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
plastica (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
plástico (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of plastic (organic material)
.................... plastic (organic material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一個數量多、涵蓋廣之材料類別中任何一種,廣泛用於製造,是以合成材料為基底的高分子量有機聚合物,質地為軟或液態時可塑形、擠壓或鑄造,之後會定型成固狀或稍具彈性的形式。 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  plastic arts
..................................  (visual arts, arts (broad discipline), ... Disciplines (facet)) [300311925]

Sources and Contributors:
plastic (organic material)............  [GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 127455 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...............................................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 773
...............................................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
...............................................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
...............................................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
...............................................  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980) 213
plastica............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
.................  ICCD database (1988-)
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
plástico............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:706
plastics (organic materials)............  [VP]
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...............................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...............................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
plastique............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
....................  CHIN database (1988-)
plastiques............  [VP]
.......................  Harrap's Standard French and English Dictionary (1986) 4:50
su chiao............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
su jiao............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
sù jiāo............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
塑膠............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 December 14, 2009
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 1270
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1406
可塑材料............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 345
塑料............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 188
合成樹脂............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 446
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 127455 checked 26 January 2012
............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 619; resins
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Plastics as art material; Gums and resins, Synthetic
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Resins: synthetic
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)

 

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