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ID: 300014558

 

Record Type: concept
silicone (thermoset, <plastic by property>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Any solid semi-inorganic polymers based on siloxanes, obtained by the action of concentrated hydrochloric acid on calcium silicide. Silicones were first discovered by F.S. Kipping in England in 1904, but were not commercially produced as polymers until 1943 by Dow Corning and 1946 by General Electric. They were called silicones because their empirical formula (R2SiO) is similar to that for ketones (R2CO). Silicones can be liquids, gels, and elastomers as well as solid thermoplastic or thermosetting resins. In general, they have excellent heat and chemical resistance and are water repellent. Silicones are used as adhesives, lubricants, protective coatings, release agents, paints, rubbers, coolants, implants, and insulation.
 
Terms:
silicone (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
silicone (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
silicone (French-P,D,U,N)
silicones (C,U,LC,English,AD,U,N)
silicone resin (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
thermoset silicone (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
silicone, thermoset (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
矽氧樹脂 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
矽酮 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
硅酮 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xì yǎng shù zhī (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xi yang shu zhi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsi yang shu chih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
silicona (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of organic material
................ organic material (G)
Hierarchy of plastic (organic material)
.................... plastic (organic material) (G)
Hierarchy of <plastic by property>
........................ <plastic by property> (G)
Hierarchy of thermoset
............................ thermoset (G)
Hierarchy of silicone
................................ silicone (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 任何基底為矽氧烷的固狀半無機聚合物,以濃鹽酸在矽化鈣上作用而成。西元1904年矽氧樹脂首度被英格蘭的F.S.濟平(F.S. Kipping)發現,不過直到1943年和1946年,才分別由道康寧公司(Dow Corning)及通用電器公司(General Electric)商業性廣泛製造。之所以稱為矽氧樹脂,是因為其實驗公式(R2SiO)與酮類(R2CO)相似。矽氧樹脂可呈液態、膠狀、彈性體,也可以是固狀熱塑性塑膠或熱固性樹脂。一般來說,具有極佳抗熱且抗化學物質之特性,並能防水,用做為膠黏劑、潤滑劑、保護塗層、脫模劑、油漆、橡膠、冷卻劑、埋植劑及絕緣體等的材料。 

Sources and Contributors:
hsi yang shu chih............  [TELDAP-now AS]
................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
silicona............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.................  Dewey, Sistema de Clasificación Decimal Dewey e Índice Relativo (2000) 3:668
.................  Diccionario de Química y de productos químicos (1993) 1158
silicone............  [CHIN Preferred, GCI Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  AATA database (2002-) 128813 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Agranoff, ed., Modern Plastics Encyclopedia (1984)
.................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 702
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
.................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
silicone resin............  [VP]
.............................  Agranoff, ed., Modern Plastics Encyclopedia (1984) 96
silicones............  [VP]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
silicone, thermoset............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
thermoset silicone............  [VP]
...................................  Dietz, Plastics Terminology (1986)
xi yang shu zhi............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
xì yǎng shù zhī............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
矽氧樹脂............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 November 26, 2011
矽酮............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 November 26, 2011
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 415
硅酮............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128813 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-) accessed 31 January 2008
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 26 November 2007
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)

 

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