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ID: 300014248

 

Record Type: concept
rope (cord (fiber product), fiber products, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Heavy cord, at least 1/4 inch in diameter, formed by twisting or braiding three to six yarns of natural or artificial fiber. In ancient Egypt, ropes were made from reeds or date palm fibers. Ancient ropes were also made from flax, grass, esparto grass, hemp, sisal, coir, cotton, jute, papyrus, and camel hair. Up to 1850, most ropes were made from hemp or sisal. After this point, abaca and agave became the fibers of choice. By the 1950s, synthetic fibers (nylon, rayon, saran, polyester, etc.) became predominant. Glass and metallic fibers have also been incorporated into ropes for added strength and resistance to fire and chemicals.
 
Terms:
rope (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
ropes (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
touw (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cordage (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
cordages (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
soga (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber products>
.................... <fiber and fiber products> (G)
Hierarchy of fiber products
........................ fiber products (G)
Hierarchy of cord (fiber product)
............................ cord (fiber product) (G)
Hierarchy of rope
................................ rope (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Zwaar koord, tenminste 6,35 mm in diameter, dat is gevormd door twee of meer strengen van natuur- of kunstvezel ineen te draaien. 
Spanish ..... Cuerda pesada de por lo menos 1/4 de pulgada de diámetro y que se forma al trenzar entre sí dos o más hebras de fibra natural o artificial. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  cable (material)
..................................  (<materials by physical form>, <materials by form>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name)) [300014618]
material for ....  ropework (visual works)
......................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300044065]
used by ....  rope-makers
............  (<people in crafts and trades by product>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People) [300025419]
used/located in ....  roperies
............................  (processing plants, <factories by function>, ... Built Environment (Hierarchy Name)) [300006259]

Sources and Contributors:
cordage............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
.................  Zubrow et al. The Magdalenian Household (2010)
cordages............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
rope............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........  AATA database (2002-) 128342 checked 26 January 2012
...........  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
...........  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 220, Cordage made by twisting several yarns into strand
...........  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
...........  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) Multiple use artifact
...........  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1966) 10
...........  Linton, Modern Textile and Apparel Dictionary (1973) 478
...........  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
...........  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
...........  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
...........  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
...........  Thomerson, Complete Upholsterer (1989) 62
...........  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
...........  Wingate, Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, 6th ed. (1979) 511
ropes............  [VP]
..............  Willaims, Upholstery Conservation (1990) 118
..............  Winterthur Portfolio (1964-) 1:70
soga............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
...........  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
...........  Wyllie y Argall, World Mining Glossary of Mining, Processing, and Geological Terms 182
touw............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128342 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Thomerson, Complete Upholsterer (1989) IND; rope trimmings
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary [online] (1997-2002)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-) accessed 31 January 2008
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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