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ID: 300011916

 

Record Type: concept
hardwood (<wood by composition or origin>, wood (plant material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Wood produced from broad-leaved deciduous trees, varying widely in color and grain pattern; usually but not always harder than softwood. Examples of hardwood trees are ash, beech, birch, cherry, mahogany, maple, oak, poplar, and walnut. Hardwood trees are found in temperate and tropical climate zones. Most of the wood used for cabinetry, furniture and flooring is obtained from hardwood trees; only a small amount of hardwood is used for paper pulp. The term hardwood is somewhat confusing since some deciduous trees, such as basswood, have timber that is softer than some coniferous trees, such as yellow pine.
 
Terms:
hardwood (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
hardwoods (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
硬木材 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
yìng mù cái (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ying mu cai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ying mu ts'ai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
hardhout (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
loofhout (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
bois de feuillu (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
bois dur (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
bois franc (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
madera dura (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
madera noble (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by origin>
............ <materials by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of biological material
................ biological material (G)
Hierarchy of plant material
.................... plant material (G)
Hierarchy of <wood and wood by product>
........................ <wood and wood by product> (G)
Hierarchy of wood (plant material)
............................ wood (plant material) (G)
Hierarchy of <wood by composition or origin>
................................ <wood by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of hardwood
.................................... hardwood (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 闊葉樹所製造的木材,與針葉樹所製的”軟木材”不同。  
Dutch ..... Hout afkomstig van loofbomen. Onderscheidt zich van 'naaldhout' dat afkomstig is van naaldbomen 
Spanish ..... Madera producida por árboles de hojas anchas. Diferente a las "maderas blandas" producidas por árboles con hojas en forma de agujas. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  softwood
..................................  (<wood by composition or origin>, wood (plant material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300012510]

Sources and Contributors:
硬木材............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 May 10, 2012
...........  建築學英漢辭典 189
...........  朗文當代大辭典 795
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 213
bois de feuillu............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
bois dur............  [CHIN]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
bois franc............  [CHIN]
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
hardhout............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
hardwood............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 124541 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT)
.................  Elias, Complete Trees of North America (1980) 165
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.................  Schiffer, Woods We Live With (1977) 11
.................  Watson, History of Furniture (1976)
hardwoods............  [VP]
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
....................  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980)
loofhout............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
madera dura............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.......................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996) 343
madera noble............  [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......................  Diccionario de términos científicos y técnicos (1981) 2442
ying mu cai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
yìng mù cái............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
ying mu ts'ai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124541 checked 26 January 2012
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Angiosperms
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) Timber: hardwoods
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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