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ID: 300011443

 

Record Type: concept
marble (rock) (metamorphic rock, rock, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: A metamorphic, hard, dense, crystalline stone primarily composed of calcium carbonate; it is limestone or dolomite that has been metamorphosed with heat and pressure. Pure calcite marble is white, but impurities produce a wide variety of coloring and patterns. It is finely grained and polishes to a smooth, high gloss. It is used primarily for statuary and buildings. Marble has been quarried from sites around the world since at least the 7th century BCE. The term can also refer more broadly to any crystallized carbonate rock, including true marble and certain types of limestone, that will take a polish and can be used for architectural and ornamental purposes.
 
Terms:
marble (rock) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
marbles (rocks) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
marmor (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
大理石 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
大理岩 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
dà lǐ shí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
da li shi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ta li shih (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
marmer (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
marmerplaat (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
marmerplaten (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
marbre (roche) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
marbres (roche) (C,U,French,AD,U,N)
marmo (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
mármol (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
Marmor (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock
.................... rock (G)
Hierarchy of metamorphic rock
........................ metamorphic rock (G)
Hierarchy of marble (rock)
............................ marble (rock) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 變質岩之一種,主要由再結晶方解石和/或白雲石構成,因存有雜質而呈不固定色彩。也可泛指任何結晶碳酸鹽岩,包括真正的大理石和某些種類的石灰岩,經過磨光擦亮後,能用於建築及裝飾。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een steensoort die bestaat uit calcium-magnesium-carbonaat - kalksteen of dolomiet - in een kristallijnige of korrelige staat. Kan worden gepolijst en wordt veel gebruikt in beeldhouwkunst en architectuur. 
Spanish ..... Roca metamórfica compuesta principalmente de calcita y/o dolomita recristalizada, a menudo de colores irregulares por las impurezas. También puede referirse de modo más amplio a cualquier forma de carbonato cristalizado, incluyendo el mármol verdadero y algunos tipos de caliza, que pueden ser pulidas y utilizadas para propósitos arquitectónicos y ornamentales. 

Related concepts:
used by ....  marble workers
............  (<people in crafts and trades by material>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People) [300263264]

Sources and Contributors:
da li shi............  [TELDAP-now AS]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
dà lǐ shí............  [TELDAP-now AS]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
marble (rock)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
..........................  AATA database (2002-) 125918 checked 26 January 2012
..........................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 765
..........................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
..........................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 479
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984) 311
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
..........................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
..........................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
..........................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
..........................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
..........................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
..........................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
marbles (rocks)............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules marbles (sculpture)
.............................  Stoddard, Art and Architecture in Medieval France (1966) 372; marbles
marbre (roche)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
marbres (roche)............  [VP]
.............................  Harrap's Standard French and English Dictionary (1986)
marmer............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
marmerplaat............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
marmerplaten............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
marmo............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
..............  ICCD database (1988-)
mármol............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
.................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
.................  Whitten y Brooks, Diccionario de geología (1986) 173
marmor............  [VP]
.................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978) 492
Marmor............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
ta li shih............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
大理石............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 January 28, 2010
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 20. 2011
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 183
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 20. 2011
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1076
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 1026
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1126
...........  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 188
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 271
大理岩............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 188
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125918 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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