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ID: 300011254

 

Record Type: concept
obsidian (volcanic glass, pyroclastic rock, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A dark, shiny glass formed in nature by the rapid cooling of lava. Obsidian is widely distributed and has been used since Paleolithic (before 3500 BCE) times for mirrors, weapons, tools, and jewelry. Obsidian is often black in color but may also be red, brown or green. It produces conchoidal fractures when cleaved. Sources of obsidian include Anatolia, Armenia, Ethiopia, Greece (Milos), Italy (Lipari, Eolie), Iceland, the U.S. (Wyoming), Mexico (Teotihuacan), Guatemala (Tikal), and Peru. Obsidian changes into pumice when it is melted.
 
Terms:
obsidian (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
黑曜岩 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
黑燿石 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
hēi yào yán (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hei yao yan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
hei yao yan (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
obsidiaan (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
obsidienne (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Obsidian (C,U,German-P,D,U,U)
obsidiana (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
obsidiana (Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of rock (inorganic material)
.................... rock (inorganic material) (G)
Hierarchy of igneous rock
........................ igneous rock (G)
Hierarchy of <igneous rock by origin>
............................ <igneous rock by origin> (G)
Hierarchy of extrusive rock
................................ extrusive rock (G)
Hierarchy of pyroclastic rock
.................................... pyroclastic rock (G)
Hierarchy of volcanic glass
........................................ volcanic glass (G)
Hierarchy of obsidian
............................................ obsidian (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種耐酸的黑色或暗色火山玻璃,以其光澤及斷裂後呈現之曲折閃亮的表面而著名。可用來製造首飾、箭頭及藝術品。其原文名取自奧伯西斯(Obsius)之名,應即是發現此岩石者。黑曜岩熔化時會轉化成浮石(pumice)。  
Dutch ..... Een zuurresistent zwart of donkergekleurd vulkanisch glas, met een opvallende glans en een gewelfd, glimmend oppervlak wanneer het wordt gespleten. Het wordt gebruikt voor het maken van sieraden, pijlpunten en kunstvoorwerpen en is genoemd naar Obsius, die het ontdekt zou hebben. Obsidiaan verandert in puimsteen wanneer het wordt gesmolten. 
Spanish ..... Vidrio volcánico negro o de color oscuro resistente al ácido. Es notable por su brillo y por su superficie curva y brillante al fracturarse. Se utiliza para hacer joyas, puntas de flecha y objetos artísticos. Recibe su nombre por Obsius, que se supone su descubridor. La obsidiana se convierte en piedra pómez al fundirse. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  obsidian mirrors
......................  (<mirrors by form>, mirrors, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300343838]

Sources and Contributors:
黑曜岩............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 September 30, 2011
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 30, 2011
...........  寶石圖鑑 161
...........  寶石學 212
...........  岩石與礦物圖鑑 197
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 30, 2011
黑燿石............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 September 30, 2011
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 1,pp. 112
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 September 30, 2011
hei yao yan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica
hēi yào yán............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..........................  AS-Academia Sinica
obsidiaan............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
obsidian............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 126718 checked 26 January 2012
.................  American Heritage Dictionary (1982) 858
.................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 628
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984) 352
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
Obsidian............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
obsidiana............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, VP]
....................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. Biblioteca de Consulta 2003 (2003)
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
....................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 480
obsidienne............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126718 checked 26 January 2012
............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 628; volcanic glass
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules glass, volcanic
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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