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ID: 300011022

 

Record Type: concept
lead (metal) (<lead and lead alloy>, nonferrous metal, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Pure metallic element having symbol Pb and atomic number 82; soft, dense ductile metal of a dull gray color, shiny when freshly cut, occuring naturally most often as a sulfide in the mineral galena. Other lead minerals include anglesite (lead sulfate) and cerussite (lead carbonate). Native metallic lead was found and used from about 3600-2600 BCE when the technique for obtaining lead from roasting the sulfide ore (galena) was discovered. Lead was used to make small cast items such as coins and statuettes, plumbing pipes, spires, statues, cisterns, gargoyles, pigments (lead white, litharge, orange mineral, etc.), as a component in pottery glazes, for roofing, flashing, stained glass windows, as a soft solder, and as radiation shielding.
 
Terms:
lead (metal) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
Pb (lead) (C,U,A,English,UF,U,N)
鉛 (金屬) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
qiān (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
qian (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ien (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
lood (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,N)
plomb (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Blei (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
piombo (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
plumbum (C,U,Latin-P,D,U,N)
chumbo (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
plomo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by composition or origin>
........................ <metal by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of nonferrous metal
............................ nonferrous metal (G)
Hierarchy of <lead and lead alloy>
................................ <lead and lead alloy> (G)
Hierarchy of lead (metal)
.................................... lead (metal) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by chemical form>
................ <materials by chemical form> (G)
Hierarchy of elements (chemical substances)
.................... elements (chemical substances) (G)
Hierarchy of lead (metal)
........................ lead (metal) (G)
 
Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of lead (metal)
.................... lead (metal) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種化學符號為Pb、原子序號為82的純金屬元素。為質軟、密度大、具延展性之暗灰色金屬,在切割時才呈光澤。天然最常見於方鉛礦裡的硫化物,其它鉛礦物則包括鉛礬(硫酸鉛)和白鉛礦(碳酸鉛)。原生金屬鉛發現及使用的期間為西元前3600年至2600年,之中發展出由烘燒硫化礦(方鉛礦)得到鉛的技術。鉛可用來製造如硬幣和小雕像的小型鑄造物、管線水管、尖塔、雕像、水池,滴水獸、顏料(鉛白、鉛黃、鉛橙等),可做為陶器釉料的成分,用於屋頂、防水蓋片、彩繪玻璃窗,可當作軟焊料,也可做為輻射屏蔽。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor het zuivere metaalelement met het symbool Pb en het atoomnummer 82; het metaal is zacht, kneedbaar en vaalgrijs van kleur. Ook te gebruiken voor het metaal wanneer het wordt bewerkt en gevormd om, meestal in combinatie met andere stoffen, verscheidene voorwerpen en materialen te maken. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para el elemento metálico puro con símbolo Pb y número atómico 82; metal gris opaco, dúctil. Úsese también para este metal procesado y conformado, habitualmente en combinación con otras sustancias, para fabricar diversos objetos y materiales. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  plattnerite
..........................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name)) [300386446]
material for ....  leadwork
......................  (metalwork (visual works), <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300015339]

Sources and Contributors:
Blei............  [VP]
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
ch'ien............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
chumbo............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
lead (metal)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 125547 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT); subhead.
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 422
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Emsley, Elements (1989) 102
.......................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969) 210
.......................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.......................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
lood............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Pb (lead)............  [VP]
....................  Personal Communication Joyce Hill Stoner, Director, Art Conservation Program, University of Delaware, 12/92.
piombo............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
plomb............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
..............  CHIN database (1988-)
plomo............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, VP]
..............  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996) 420
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 713
plumbum............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
qian............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
qiān............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
鉛 (金屬)............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 14, 2009
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 182
.................  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 951
.................  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1034
.................  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 175
.................  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 245
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125547 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) precoor.; Buildings - Lead
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Sheet-lead
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Medieval lead; Byzantine lead
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-) accessed 31 January 2009
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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