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ID: 300011021

 

Record Type: concept
gold (metal) (<gold and gold alloy>, nonferrous metal, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Pure metallic element having symbol Au and atomic number 79; a soft, inert, shiny reddish yellow metal that is very malleable and ductile. Gold has been highly valued and found in artifacts dating to before 5000 BCE. Native gold, found in quartz veins (vein gold) and alluvial deposits (placer gold), generally contains some silver and copper. Gold is purified by dissolution in mercury or cyanide solutions, by melting, or by electrodeposition. The purity of commercial gold is expressed in karats which is the number of parts of gold in 24 parts of the alloy. Today gold is primarily used for monetary systems and for jewelry.
 
Terms:
gold (metal) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
Au (C,U,A,English,UF,U,N)
goud (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,N)
or (metal) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Gold (metal) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
oro (metal) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
oro (metal) (Italian-P,D,U,N)
aurum (C,U,Latin-P,D,U,N)
ouro (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
guld (C,U,Swedish-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by composition or origin>
........................ <metal by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of nonferrous metal
............................ nonferrous metal (G)
Hierarchy of <gold and gold alloy>
................................ <gold and gold alloy> (G)
Hierarchy of gold (metal)
.................................... gold (metal) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by quality>
........................ <metal by quality> (G)
Hierarchy of precious metal
............................ precious metal (G)
Hierarchy of gold (metal)
................................ gold (metal) (G)
 
Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by chemical form>
................ <materials by chemical form> (G)
Hierarchy of elements (chemical substances)
.................... elements (chemical substances) (G)
Hierarchy of gold (metal)
........................ gold (metal) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor het zuivere metaalelement met het symbool Au en het atoomnummer 79. Het is een zacht, zwaar, chemisch inactief en geel metaal en wordt al sinds de oudheid als edel beschouwd. Het dient in vele culturen als de basis voor materiële handelswaarden. Ook te gebruiken voor het metaal wanneer het wordt bewerkt en vervormd om, meestal in combinatie met andere stoffen, verschillende voorwerpen en materialen te maken. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para el elemento metálico puro con el símbolo Au y el número atómico 79; metal amarillo blando, pesado, químicamente inactivo, considerado un metal precioso desde los tiempos más antiguos y utilizado por varias culturas como base para los valores en el comercio material. Úsese también para este metal procesado y conformado, habitualmente en combinación con otras sustancias, para realizar diversos objetos y materiales. 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  gilding (material)
..........................  (<metal by form>, metal, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name)) [300379350]
material for ....  goldwork (visual works)
......................  (metalwork (visual works), <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300044045]
required for ....  gilding (technique)
......................  (metallizing, <surface covering processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300053789]
required for ....  gold plating (process)
......................  (plating (metal coating), <metal coating processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300389933]
required for ....  goldsmithing
......................  (metalworking, <metalworking and metalworking processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300054048]

Sources and Contributors:
Au............  [VP]
...........  Personal Communication Joyce Hill Stoner, Director, Art Conservation Program, University of Delaware, 12/92.
aurum............  [VP]
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
gold (metal)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 124280 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 353
.......................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.......................  Emsley, Elements (1989)
.......................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.......................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
Gold (metal)............  [VP]
.......................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
goud............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
guld............  [VP]
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
or (metal)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
oro ()............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 519
.................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 151
ouro............  [VP]
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124280 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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