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ID: 300011020

 

Record Type: concept
copper (metal) (<copper and copper alloy>, nonferrous metal, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Pure metallic element having the symbol Cu and atomic number 29; a reddish brown, ductile metal that is present in the earth's crust, occurring as a native metal and as ores of sulfide, sulfate and carbonate (azurite, malachite, etc.). It was the first metal used by humans, probably from about 8000 BCE, in the regions of Mesopotamia and India. By about 3800 BCE copper was made into bronze for weapons and knives. Today, copper is one of the most widely used metals because it has high electrical and thermal conductivity, can be easily fabricated, is ductile and polishes well. In moist air, copper forms a protective green film of basic carbonate. Metallic copper combines well with other metals to form alloys, most commonly brass and bronze. Copper and its alloys are used for wire, electrical devices, pipes, cooking vessels, ammunition, ornamental trim, roofing, grillwork, coins, musical instruments, jewelry, and sculptures.
 
Terms:
copper (metal) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
Cu (copper) (C,U,A,English,UF,U,N)
koper (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,N)
cuivre (metal) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
Kupfer (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
rame (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
cuprum (C,U,Latin-P,D,U,N)
cobre (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,N)
cobre (Spanish-P,D,U,N)
koppar (C,U,Swedish-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by composition or origin>
........................ <metal by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of nonferrous metal
............................ nonferrous metal (G)
Hierarchy of <copper and copper alloy>
................................ <copper and copper alloy> (G)
Hierarchy of copper (metal)
.................................... copper (metal) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by chemical form>
................ <materials by chemical form> (G)
Hierarchy of elements (chemical substances)
.................... elements (chemical substances) (G)
Hierarchy of copper (metal)
........................ copper (metal) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor het zuivere metaalelement met het symbool Cu en het atoomnummer 29; het is roodachtig van kleur en is zeer smeedbaar en kneedbaar. Ook te gebruiken voor het metaal wanneer het woirdt bewerkt en gevormd om, meestal in combinatie met andere stoffen, verschillende voorwerpen en materialen te maken. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para el elemento metálico puro que tiene como símbolo Cu y como número atómico 29; metal rojizo muy maleable y dúctil. Úsese también para este metal procesado y conformado, habitualmente en combinación con otras sustancias, para realizar diversos objetos y materiales. 

Related concepts:
material for ....  copperwork (visual works)
......................  (metalwork (visual works), <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300044027]
possess/exist in ....  bronze disease
..............................  (<conditions and effects: metals>, <conditions and effects by specific type>, ... Conditions and Effects (Hierarchy Name)) [300220720]
required for ....  coppersmithing
......................  (metalworking, <metalworking and metalworking processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (Hierarchy Name)) [300054047]
source for ....  sampleite
..................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name)) [300386449]

Sources and Contributors:
cobre............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, VP]
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
..............  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 659
..............  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 56
copper (metal)............  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT) - subhead.
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 213
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Emsley, Elements (1989) 54
.............................  Gettens and Stout, Painting Materials (1966)
.............................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
Cu (copper)............  [VP]
.......................  Personal Communication Joyce Hill Stoner, Director, Art Conservation Program, University of Delaware, 12/92.
cuivre (metal)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
cuprum............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
koper............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
koppar............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Kupfer............  [VP]
.................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
rame............  [VP]
...........  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Medieval copper; Byzantine copper
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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