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ID: 300011019

 

Record Type: concept
chromium (<chromium and chromium alloy>, nonferrous metal, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Pure metallic element having symbol Cr and atomic number 24; an extremely hard, silvery white metal with a bluish tinge. Use also for the metal as processed and formed, usually in combination with other substances, to make various objects and materials, notably stainless steel, heat-resistant alloy, high-strength alloy steel, and for wear-resistant electroplating.
 
Terms:
chromium (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
Cr (chromium) (C,U,A,English,UF,U,N)
chrome (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
chrome (French-P,D,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
gè (chromium) (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ge (chromium) (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ko (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
chroom (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cromo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of metal
.................... metal (G)
Hierarchy of <metal by composition or origin>
........................ <metal by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of nonferrous metal
............................ nonferrous metal (G)
Hierarchy of <chromium and chromium alloy>
................................ <chromium and chromium alloy> (G)
Hierarchy of chromium
.................................... chromium (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by chemical form>
................ <materials by chemical form> (G)
Hierarchy of elements (chemical substances)
.................... elements (chemical substances) (G)
Hierarchy of chromium
........................ chromium (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 純金屬元素,化學符號為Cr,原子序號為24,為質地極硬之銀白色金屬,帶有微藍色調。鉻可經過加工和塑形,通常與其它物質結合,製成多種物件和材料,特別是不銹鋼、耐熱合金、強力合金鋼,也可用於抗磨損電鍍。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor het zuivere metaalelement met het symbool Cr en het atoomnummer 24. Het is zeer hard en zilverachtig wit van kleur, met een blauwachtige tint. Wordt ook gebruikt voor het metaal wanneer het wordt bewerkt en gevormd om, meestal in combinatie met andere stoffen, verscheidene voorwerpen en materialen te maken zoals roestvrij staal, hittebestendige legeringen, zeer sterke staallegeringen en slijtvaste galvaniseringen. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para el elemento metálico puro que tiene como símbolo Cr y como número atómico 24; metal extremadamente duro de color blanco plateado con un tinte azulado. Úsese también para el metal procesado y formado, habitualmente en combinación con otras sustancias, para fabricar objetos y materiales, en particular acero inoxidable, aleación resistente al calor, acero en aleación de alta resistencia y, en electroplastía, para dar resistencia al desgaste. 

Sources and Contributors:
chrome............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.................  CHIN database (1988-)
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
chromium............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 121873 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Emsley, Elements (1989)
.................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
chroom............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Cr (chromium)............  [VP]
..........................  Personal Communication Joyce Hill Stoner, Director, Art Conservation Program, University of Delaware, 12/92.
cromo............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
..............  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 66
ge (chromium)............  [TELDAP-now AS, VP]
..........................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gè (chromium)............  [TELDAP-now AS, VP]
..........................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ko............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
鉻............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
........  化學名詞辭典 p. 40
........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 175
........  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 54
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121873 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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