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ID: 300010814

 

Record Type: concept
crystal (lead glass) (lead glass, <glass by composition or origin>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: Fine, high quality, heavy, decorative glass made with fine white sand, at least 24% lead oxide, and small amounts of potash and niter. It is clear, colorless, highly refractive glass that is heavy and has greater than twice the density of standard borate glass. It was developed in England in 1676; often used for high quality chandelier prisms and fine stemware.
 
Terms:
crystal (lead glass) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
crystal glass (C,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)
high-lead crystal glass (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lead crystal (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
lead crystal glass (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
水晶 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
石英 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
shuǐ jīng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
shui jing (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
shui ching (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kristal (loodglas) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
cristal (material) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
cristal (crystal) (French-P,D,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of glass (material)
.................... glass (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <glass by composition or origin>
........................ <glass by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of lead glass
............................ lead glass (G)
Hierarchy of crystal (lead glass)
................................ crystal (lead glass) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 精細切割的玻璃,透明度高,含高比例之氧化鉛。  
Dutch ..... Fijngesneden glas met een hoge mate van doorzichtigheid en een hoog loodoxidegehalte 
Spanish ..... Vidrio fino cortado que tiene un alto grado de transparencia y que contiene una alta proporción de óxido de plomo. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  flint glass
..................................  (lead glass, <glass by composition or origin>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name)) [300010802]

Sources and Contributors:
cristal (crystal)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, CHIN Preferred, VP]
................................  CHIN database (1988-)
................................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 200
crystal (lead glass)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 122504 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-) BT glass (objects); Crystal
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...................................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Glass (1977) Crystal
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Crystal
...................................  Spillman, Glass Tableware (1982) Crystal
...................................  Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dictionary (1985) Crystal
crystal glass............  [VP]
..........................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 345
..........................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..........................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
..........................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
..........................  ROOT Thesaurus (1981) 559
..........................  Spillman, Glass Tableware (1982)
high-lead crystal glass............  [VP]
.........................................  ROOT Thesaurus (1981) 559
kristal (loodglas)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
lead crystal............  [VP]
.......................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
lead crystal glass............  [VP]
...................................  ROOT Thesaurus (1981) 559
shui ching............  [TELDAP-now AS]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shui jing............  [TELDAP-now AS]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
shuǐ jīng............  [TELDAP-now AS]
....................  TELDAP database (2009-)
水晶............  [TELDAP-now AS Preferred]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 February 1, 2010
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 402
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 420
...........  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 75
石英............  [TELDAP-now AS]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, TELDAP-now AS, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122504 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Byzantine crystal
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online (2005-)
.......... National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [TELDAP-now AS]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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