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ID: 300010797

 

Record Type: concept
glass (material) (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (Hierarchy Name))

 

Note: An amorphous, inorganic substance made by fusing silica (silicon dioxide) with a basic oxide; generally transparent but often translucent or opaque. Its characteristic properties are its hardness and rigidity at ordinary temperatures, its capacity for plastic working at elevated temperatures, and its resistance to weathering and to most chemicals except hydrofluoric acid. Used for both utilitarian and decorative purposes, it can be formed into various shapes, colored or decorated. Glass originated as a glaze in Mesopotamia in about 3500 BCE and the first objects made wholly of glass date to about 2500 BCE.
 
Terms:
glass (material) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
glas (materiaal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
verre (material) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
vidrio (material) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (Hierarchy Name)
.... Materials (Hierarchy Name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (matter)
........ materials (matter) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of glass (material)
.................... glass (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Een amorfe, anorganische substantie die wordt gemaakt door silica (siliciumdioxide) te fuseren met een basisoxide, meestal transparant maar vaak ook doorschijnend of ondoorschijnend. Kenmerkende eigenschappen zijn de hardheid en stijfheid bij normale temperaturen, de plastische eigenschappen bij verhoogde temperaturen en de weersbestendigheid en bestendigheid tegen de meeste chemische stoffen, behalve waterstoffluoride. Het wordt gebruikt voor zowel gebruiksdoeleinden als decoratieve doeleinden, en kan worden gemaakt in diverse vormen, gekleurd en gedecoreerd. Glas is ontstaan als glazuur in Mesopotamië in ongeveer 3500 v. Chr. De eerste voorwerpen die geheel van glas zijn vervaardigd, dateren van ongeveer 2500 v. Chr. 
Spanish ..... Sustancia amorfa inorgánica fabricada por fusión de sílice (dióxido de silicio) con un óxido básico; generalmente transparente, pero a menudo translúcido u opaco. Sus propiedades características son la dureza y rigidez a temperatura ordinaria, su capacidad para ser trabajada plásticamente a elevadas temperaturas y su resistencia a la acción atmosférica y a la mayoría de los productos químicos, excepto al ácido fluorhídrico. Utilizada para propósitos utilitarios y decorativos, puede dársele diferentes formas, colores o decoraciones. El vidrio se originó como vidriado en Mesopotamia aproximadamente en 3500 a.C., y los primeros objetos realizados enteramente de vidrio datan de aproximadamente 2500 a.C. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  glassmakers
..................  (glassworkers, <people in crafts and trades by material>, ... People) [300025285]
material for ....  glassware
......................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (Hierarchy Name)) [300010898]
possess/exist in ....  crizzling
..............................  (<conditions and effects: glass>, <conditions and effects by specific type>, ... Conditions and Effects (Hierarchy Name)) [300218594]
possess/exist in ....  solarization (glass)
..............................  (<conditions and effects: glass>, <conditions and effects by specific type>, ... Conditions and Effects (Hierarchy Name)) [300312365]
used by ....  glassworkers
............  (<people in crafts and trades by material>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People) [300025283]

Sources and Contributors:
glas (materiaal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
glass (material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 124216 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) subhead.
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 354
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978)
.............................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.............................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Glass (1977) 133
.............................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.............................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
verre (material)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
vidrio (material)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 274
................................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996) 560
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124216 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT); precoor.; glass factories
............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 348; cellulated glass; expanded glass; foamed glass
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; glass factories
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules glass plate negatives; works, glass
............  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978) 228; foamed glass
............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) glassworks
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) glass works; precoor.; Factories: glass-making; glass: fire resistance
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Monart glass; Lombard glass; Roman glass; Greek glass; glass factories; Rococo glass; Jewish glass; Viking glass; Baroque glass; Burmese glass; Islamic glass; Art Deco glass; Frankish glass; Germanic glass; Medieval glass; Crusader glass; Glass, American; Victorian glass; Byzantine glass; Anglo-Saxon glass; Art Nouveau glass; Renaissance glass; Merovingian glass; Late Antique glass; Hiberno-Saxon glass; Early Christian glass
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) glass works
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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