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ID: 300010797

 

Record Type: concept
glass (material) (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: An amorphous, inorganic substance made by fusing silica (silicon dioxide) with a basic oxide; generally transparent but often translucent or opaque. Its characteristic properties are its hardness and rigidity at ordinary temperatures, its capacity for plastic working at elevated temperatures, and its resistance to weathering and to most chemicals except hydrofluoric acid. Used for both utilitarian and decorative purposes, it can be formed into various shapes, colored or decorated. Glass originated as a glaze in Mesopotamia in about 3500 BCE and the first objects made wholly of glass date to about 2500 BCE.
 
Terms:
glass (material) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,N)
玻璃 (材料) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
bō lí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
bo li (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
po li (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
glas (materiaal) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
verre (material) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
vidrio (material) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of glass (material)
.................... glass (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種非結晶的無機物質,以熔合矽石(二氧化矽)及鹼性氧化物而成。一般來說應為透明,但常常呈半透明或不透明。其性質之特色為在常溫下材質堅硬,高溫下則具可塑性,另外能抗風化及不受大部分化學物質侵蝕(氫氟酸除外)。兼具實用與裝飾用途,能塑成多種形狀,可上色或另加修飾。玻璃最早為釉料,見於西元前約三千五百年的美索不達米亞區域(Mesopotamia),而首個完全由玻璃製成的物件記載於西元前約2500年。 
Dutch ..... Een amorfe, anorganische substantie die wordt gemaakt door silica (siliciumdioxide) te fuseren met een basisoxide, meestal transparant maar vaak ook doorschijnend of ondoorschijnend. Kenmerkende eigenschappen zijn de hardheid en stijfheid bij normale temperaturen, de plastische eigenschappen bij verhoogde temperaturen en de weersbestendigheid en bestendigheid tegen de meeste chemische stoffen, behalve waterstoffluoride. Het wordt gebruikt voor zowel gebruiksdoeleinden als decoratieve doeleinden, en kan worden gemaakt in diverse vormen, gekleurd en gedecoreerd. Glas is ontstaan als glazuur in Mesopotamië in ongeveer 3500 v. Chr. De eerste voorwerpen die geheel van glas zijn vervaardigd, dateren van ongeveer 2500 v. Chr. 
Spanish ..... Sustancia amorfa inorgánica fabricada por fusión de sílice (dióxido de silicio) con un óxido básico; generalmente transparente, pero a menudo translúcido u opaco. Sus propiedades características son la dureza y rigidez a temperatura ordinaria, su capacidad para ser trabajada plásticamente a elevadas temperaturas y su resistencia a la acción atmosférica y a la mayoría de los productos químicos, excepto al ácido fluorhídrico. Utilizada para propósitos utilitarios y decorativos, puede dársele diferentes formas, colores o decoraciones. El vidrio se originó como vidriado en Mesopotamia aproximadamente en 3500 a.C., y los primeros objetos realizados enteramente de vidrio datan de aproximadamente 2500 a.C. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  glassmakers
..................  (glassworkers, <people in crafts and trades by material>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025285]
material for ....  glassware
......................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300010898]
possess/exist in ....  crizzling
..............................  (<conditions and effects for glass>, <conditions and effects by specific type>, Conditions and Effects (hierarchy name)) [300218594]
possess/exist in ....  solarization (glass)
..............................  (<conditions and effects for glass>, <conditions and effects by specific type>, Conditions and Effects (hierarchy name)) [300312365]
used by ....  glassworkers
............  (<people in crafts and trades by material>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025283]
used/required for ....  glass cutters (tools)
................................  (glassworking equipment, <equipment by material processed>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300386822]

Sources and Contributors:
玻璃 (材料)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 December 14, 2009
.................  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 180
.................  故宮後設資料需求規格書 19
.................  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 725
.................  牛津當代大辭典 751
bo li............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica
bō lí............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica
glas (materiaal)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
glass (material)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 124216 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Avery Index (1963-) subhead.
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 354
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978)
.............................  Jewett, Glossary for Recording the Condition of an Artifact (1980s)
.............................  Museum Prototype Project, Medium of Objects Frequency Report (1985)
.............................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s)
.............................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Glass (1977) 133
.............................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
.............................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.............................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.............................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
po li............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica
verre (material)............  [CHIN Preferred, VP]
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
vidrio (material)............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred]
................................  Ching, Diccionario Visual de Arquitectura (1997) 274
................................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996) 560
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-DIBAM, CHIN, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124216 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) (source AAT); precoor.; glass factories
............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1977) 348; cellulated glass; expanded glass; foamed glass
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; glass factories
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules glass plate negatives; works, glass
............  Hornbostel, Construction Materials (1978) 228; foamed glass
............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) glassworks
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) glass works; precoor.; Factories: glass-making; glass: fire resistance
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Monart glass; Lombard glass; Roman glass; Greek glass; glass factories; Rococo glass; Jewish glass; Viking glass; Baroque glass; Burmese glass; Islamic glass; Art Deco glass; Frankish glass; Germanic glass; Medieval glass; Crusader glass; Glass, American; Victorian glass; Byzantine glass; Anglo-Saxon glass; Art Nouveau glass; Renaissance glass; Merovingian glass; Late Antique glass; Hiberno-Saxon glass; Early Christian glass
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
............  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) glass works
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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