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ID: 300445479
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300445479

 

Record Type: concept
teopixqui (priests (clergy), clergy, ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Nahua priests. Literally, "one who guards the deities" in Nahuatl. Part of a complex group of ministers of worship, each of whom engaged in very specific tasks such as rites of incense, or sacrifice as well as activities related to the maintenance and offering of fire. All generally wore long hair, anointed their bodies with black charcoal pigment, and performed frequent penances such as fasting and self-sacrifice. Each type of priest had a specific name, while in the colonial period, missionaries used the term teopixqui to designate the office of a Christian priest.
 
Terms:
teopixqui (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,SN)
teopixqui (Classical Nahuatl-P,D,U,SN)
teopixqui (Spanish,UF,L,U)
teopixqueh (C,U,C,Classical Nahuatl,UF,PN)  ............ alternate term
teupisqui (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,B)  ............ variant orthography
teupixqui (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
teupixquj (C,U,Classical Nahuatl,UF,N)  ............ variant orthography
totahtzin (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)  ............ alternate term
totahtzitzin (C,U,Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl,UF,U)

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in the humanities>
................ <people in the humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in religion and related occupations>
.................... <people in religion and related occupations> (G)
Hierarchy of people in religion
........................ people in religion (G)
Hierarchy of clergy
............................ clergy (G)
Hierarchy of priests (clergy)
................................ priests (clergy) (G)
Hierarchy of teopixqui
.................................... teopixqui (G)

Additional Notes:
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl ..... Ce totahtzin nahua. Ce achi tlen nechicoliztli tlen ohuih tlen tepalehuiah cultoh, cehce tlen quichihuayaya chantequitl tlen tlahuel quimanextia ihtotiliztli tlen poctli zo tlaihyohuiliztli, quenni tequitl tlen huanya mohuicaltia ica tlacualtlaliliztli huan tlahtlaliliztli tlen tlitl. Nochimeh quihuicayayah inintzoncal huehhuehueyac, quipiquiyayah inintlacayo ica tlapalli tlen tlilli yayahuic huan ahachica quichihuayayah tlamaceuhtli quen axtlen quicuayayah yahuatzinco huan ica tlaihyohuiliztli. Cehce totahtzin quipiyaya itocah tlen tlahuel quimanextia, noque pan época colonial, tlateomanimeh quitequihuihqueh cehca xitlauhcayotl teopixqui para quimanextizceh itequiuh tlen ce totahtzin criztianoh. 
Spanish ..... Un sacerdote nahua. Literalmente, "el que guarda las deidades". Parte de un complejo grupo de ministros de culto, cada uno de los cuales se dedicaba a tareas muy específicas como ritos de incienso o sacrificio, así como actividades relacionadas con el mantenimiento y la ofrenda del fuego. Todos llevaban generalmente el pelo largo, ungían sus cuerpos con pigmento de carbón negro y hacían frecuentes penitencias como el ayuno y el auto-sacrificio. Cada tipo de sacerdote tenía un nombre específico, mientras que en la época colonial, los misioneros usaron el término teopixqui para designar el oficio de un sacerdote cristiano. 

Sources and Contributors:
teopixqueh............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
teopixqui............  [GRI-FloCo Preferred]
....................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
....................  Karttunen 1992 227
....................  Molina 1571 (2) 101r
....................  Simeon 1992 489
....................  Wimmer 2020
teupisqui............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Sahagún 2012 (I) 75
teupixqui............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Sahagún 2012 (III) 69
teupixquj............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  Sahagún 2012 (I) 33
totahtzin............  [GRI-FloCo]
....................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
....................  Sullivan et al. 2016 554
totahtzitzin............  [GRI-FloCo]
.......................  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Subject: .....  [GRI-FloCo, VP]
............  GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
 
Note:
English .......... [GRI-FloCo, VP]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)
Spanish .......... [GRI-FloCo]
.......... GRI, FloCo terminology (2019-)

 

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