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ID: 300443517
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300443517

 

Record Type: concept
dié (battlements, <battlements and battlement components>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: In traditional Chinese fortifications, die refers to the battlements built on the top of a city wall constructed to protect defenders from missile fire. This term already appears in the literature of the Pre-Qin period (e.g. “In the standards of city wall building, the wall should be [built to the] height of 30 feet, die should be added to the top, and the width should be ten feet 行城之法。高城三十尺。上加堞。廣十尺,” from Mozi, Chapter 14, Beiti). The element is also referred to as zhidie 雉堞, nütouqiang 女頭墻, and duokouqiang 垛口墻 in different traditional textual sources.
 
Terms:
dié (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,N)  ............ battlements
dié (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin)-P,D,U,N)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
(Chinese (simplified),UF,U,U)
die (battlements) (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones),UF,U,U)
tieh (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <architectural elements by building type>
.................... <architectural elements by building type> (G)
Hierarchy of fortification elements
........................ fortification elements (G)
Hierarchy of <defensive walls and defensive wall components>
............................ <defensive walls and defensive wall components> (G)
Hierarchy of defensive wall components
................................ defensive wall components (G)
Hierarchy of <battlements and battlement components>
.................................... <battlements and battlement components> (G)
Hierarchy of battlements
........................................ battlements (G)
Hierarchy of dié
............................................ dié (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 堞在先秦文獻中就有出現,如《墨子備梯卷十四: 行城之法。高城三十尺。上加堞。廣十尺。指修築於城墻頂面外邊緣的齒形矮墻。起遮護守城士兵的作用,是城墻頂面的主要防禦設施之壹。 

Sources and Contributors:
堞............  [ATTCAT, VP]
........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
dié............  [ATTCAT Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-) https://architecturasinica.org/keyword/k000016
...........  ATTCAT (2018)
...........  ZDIC [online] (2020-)
die (battlements)............  [VP]
................................  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
tieh............  [ATTCAT, VP]
...........  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [ATTCAT, VP]
............  Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
............  ATTCAT (2018)
............  Fu, Traditional Chinese Architecture (2017) 351
 
Note:
English .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [ATTCAT, VP]
.......... Architectura Sinica [online] (2014-)

 

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