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ID: 300400883
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300400883

 

Record Type: concept
cinnabar (pigment) (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Pigment made from the mineral cinnabar, composed of mercuric sulfide. Cinnabar was finely ground for use as an artist pigment since antiquity. Red mercuric sulfide has been made synthetically since at least the 8th century in Europe and possibly earlier in China. Synthetic mercuric sulfide is called vermilion, favored over ground cinnabar as a red pigment because cinnabar, when exposed to ultraviolet light, darkens from its normal red crystalline form to a black isomorph, resulting in splotchy discolorations.
 
Terms:
cinnabar (pigment) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
cenobrium (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
natural vermilion (pigment) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
cinabre (pigment) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
cinabrio (pigmento) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,N)
cinabro (pigmento) (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,N)
cinábrio (pigmento) (C,U,Portuguese-P,UF,U,N)
cinnaber (kleurstof) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Zinnober (Pigment) (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
Zinnoberersatz (Pigment) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
tan-sha (pigment) (C,U,Chinese (transliterated)-P,D,U,N)
shinsha (pigment) (C,U,Japanese (transliterated)-P,D,U,N)
minium (cinnabar pigment) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)  ............ name used from antiquity through the 17th century, used to refer to cinnabar and vermilion

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of colorant (material)
................ colorant (material) (G)
Hierarchy of pigment
.................... pigment (G)
Hierarchy of <pigment by color>
........................ <pigment by color> (G)
Hierarchy of red pigment
............................ red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic red pigment
................................ inorganic red pigment (G)
Hierarchy of cinnabar (pigment)
.................................... cinnabar (pigment) (G)

Related concepts:
derived/made from ....  cinnabar (mineral)
................................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311452]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Chinese red
..................................................  (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300311451]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  vermilion (pigment)
..................................................  (inorganic red pigment, red pigment, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300013568]

Sources and Contributors:
cenobrium (pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
cinabre (pigment)............  [VP]
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) FRA
cinabrio (pigmento)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) ESP
cinábrio (pigmento)............  [VP]
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
cinabro (pigmento)............  [VP]
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993) ITA
cinnabar (pigment)............  [VP Preferred]
...................................  AATA database (2002-) 121900 checked 26 January 2012
...................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 28 January 2009
...................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 28 January 2009
...................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
...................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 105; cinnabar (vermilion)
cinnaber (kleurstof)............  [VP]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-) added from spreadsheet from AAT-Ned
minium (cinnabar pigment)............  [VP]
............................................  Roy, Artists' Pigments, Volume 2 (1993)
natural vermilion (pigment)............  [VP]
...............................................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 105
shinsha (pigment)............  [VP]
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
tan-sha (pigment)............  [VP]
................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Zinnober (Pigment)............  [VP]
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Zinnoberersatz (Pigment)............  [VP]
.........................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [VP]
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-) accessed 28 January 2009
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 28 January 2009

 

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