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ID: 300375628
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375628

 

Record Type: concept
Freemasonry (belief system) (religions (belief systems, cultures), <religions and religious concepts>, Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: The belief system, teachings, and practices of the fraternal order of Free and Accepted Masons, the world's largest secret society. Spread by the advance of the British Empire, Freemasonry remains most popular in the British Isles and in other countries associated the empire. It is said to have been established for mutual help and fellowship; members believe that it has historical roots traceable back through the Romans to the Egyptians and the building of the pyramids. Freemasonry incorporates traditions and rituals that make symbolic use of or reference to the tools of medieval stonemasons, notably the square and compasses. In medieval Europe, like other craft organizations of the period, many medieval associations of masons whose members included freemasons, had developed elaborate secret rituals for imparting the knowledge of their craft and for the initiation of new members. These rituals continued to evolve during the early modern period. In 16th-century Scotland Freemasonry began to incorporate elements of contemporary Hermetic thought. From the early 17th century, the lodges began to admit members who were not connected with the building trades.
 
Terms:
Freemasonry (belief system) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
Freemasonic (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Masonic (of Freemasonry) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Freemason's (society) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Freemasons' (society) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
共濟會 (社會) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
同濟會 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
美生會 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gòng jì huì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gong ji hui (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kung chi hui (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
vrijmetselarij (genootschap) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <religions and religious concepts>
........ <religions and religious concepts> (G)
Hierarchy of religions (belief systems, cultures)
............ religions (belief systems, cultures) (G)
Hierarchy of Freemasonry (belief system)
................ Freemasonry (belief system) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 全世界規模最大的神祕組織-「自由石匠聯盟」兄弟會的教導和實踐。隨著大英帝國(British Empire)的擴展,共濟會始終在不列顛群島(British Isles)和與大英帝國相關的其他國家中最為風行。據說為了互助和伙伴而成立;成員們相信其歷史根源可從羅馬人,一路追溯到埃及人和金字塔的建造。共濟會結合傳統和儀式,象徵地運用或提及中古時期石匠所用的工具,尤其是丁字尺和圓規。在中古時期的歐洲,如同其他同時期的工藝組織,許多中古的石匠工會,其會員包括自由石匠,已經發展出繁複的秘密儀式,以傳授他們的工藝知識以及進行新成員的入會儀式。這些儀式在近現代仍持續演化。在十六世紀時,蘇格蘭的共濟會開始結合當代祕義(Hermetic)思想的元素。從十七世紀早期開始,共濟會的集會所則開始准許非建築業的會員入會。 
Dutch ..... De leer en praktijken van de broederschap van de 'Vrije en geaccepteerde metselaars', 's werelds grootste geheime genootschap. De vrijmetselarij verspreidde zich door de opmars van het Britse Rijk en is nog steeds het meest populair op de Britse eilanden en in andere landen die banden hadden met het rijk. Het genootschap zou zijn opgericht voor wederzijdse hulp en vriendschap. De leden geloven dat het historische wortels heeft die zijn terug te voeren op de Romeinen, de Egyptenaren en de bouw van de piramides. De vrijmetselarij bevat tradities en rituelen die symbolen gebruiken van of verwijzen naar de gereedschappen van middeleeuwse steenhouwers, met name de winkelhaak en de passer. Net als andere ambachtsgilden in het middeleeuwse Europa ontwikkelden veel metselaarsgilden die vrijmetselaars in hun gelederen hadden uitgebreide geheime rituelen voor het overbrengen van de kennis van hun ambacht en voor de inwijding van nieuwe leden. Deze rituelen veranderden in de loop van de vroegmoderne tijd. In het 16e-eeuwse Schotland nam de vrijmetselarij elementen over van het hermetisme uit die tijd. Vanaf het begin van de 17e eeuw laten de loges ook leden toe die niet zijn betrokken bij de bouwsector. 

Sources and Contributors:
共濟會 (社會)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 April 18, 2014
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 April 18, 2014
.................  朗文當代大辭典 602
同濟會............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 April 18, 2014
美生會............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Freemasonic............  [VP]
.......................  Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999)
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Freemasonry (belief system)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 125972 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
...............................................  Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999)
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 22 August 2011
...............................................  Grove Art Online (2008-) "Mason," accessed 22 August 2011
...............................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 22 August 2011
Freemasons' (society)............  [VP]
......................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
Freemason's (society)............  [VP]
......................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
gong ji hui............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
gòng jì huì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kung chi hui............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Masonic (of Freemasonry)............  [VP]
.........................................  Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999)
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
vrijmetselarij (genootschap)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125972 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Catholic Encyclopedia [online] (2003-)
.......... Doniger, Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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