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ID: 300375504
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375504

 

Record Type: concept
Linum usitatissimum (species) (Linum (genus), Linaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Species of herbaceous annual, native to the area of the eastern Mediterranean and India; probably first cultivated in the Fertile Crescent. The plant grows to 4 m in height, bears blue flowers succeeded by pods that contain the seeds. It is cultivated both for its fiber, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its seed, the source of linseed oil, which is an edible oil used as a nutritional supplement and as an ingredient in painting and many wood finishing products. Evidence of its use has been found in the prehistoric sites in Georgia and Switzerland. Fine linen fabrics are common in ancient Egyptian tombs. It was brought to Gaul and Britain by Phoenician traders; the Romans introduced linen manufacture throughout their empire. By the 17th century, linen manufacturing was an important industry in Western Europe.
 
Terms:
Linum usitatissimum (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,U)
Linum usitatissimum (species) (Latin-P,D,U,U)
Linum usitatissimum (soort) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
flax (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,PN)
common flax (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
flax plant (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
cultivated flax (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Linum humile (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
Linum usitatissimum var. humile (subspecies) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
亞麻 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
yǎ ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ya ma (species) (C,U,C,Chinese (transliterated),AD,U,U)
ya ma (species) (Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ya ma (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
vlas (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
lin (species) (C,U,C,French,AD,U,U)
lin commun (species) (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
Flachs (species) (C,U,C,German,AD,U,U)
echter Lein (species) (C,U,German,UF,U,U)
lino (species) (C,U,C,Spanish,AD,U,U)
lino (species) (Italian,AD,U,U)
lino comune (species) (C,U,Italian,UF,U,U)
linhaça (species) (C,U,C,Portuguese,AD,U,U)
keten (species) (C,U,C,Turkish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Malpighiales (order)
................................ Malpighiales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Linaceae (family)
.................................... Linaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Linum (genus)
........................................ Linum (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Linum usitatissimum (species)
............................................ Linum usitatissimum (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一年生草本植物的物種,原生於地中海南部與印度,最初的種植地很可能是肥沃月彎。此植物可生長至4公尺高,開出藍色的花後結成帶有種子的莢。耕種的目的有兩個,其一是取得纖維以製成亞麻紗線與織品,其二則是取其種子以製成亞麻籽油;亞麻籽油是可做為營養補給品的食用油,也是油漆與木材亮光漆產品的原料成分。喬治亞與瑞士的史前遺址中發現亞麻使用的證據;古埃及墓穴中也常出現精緻的亞麻織品;腓尼基的商人將亞麻引進高盧與不列顛;羅馬人則將亞麻製品引進整個羅馬帝國。直到17世紀,亞麻工業已成為西歐一項重要的工業。 
Dutch ..... Kruidachtige eenjarige plant, inheems in het gebied dat zich uitstrekt van het oosten van het Middellandse Zeegebied tot India. Waarschijnlijk voor het eerst gekweekt in de Vruchtbare Sikkel. De plant wordt 4 meter hoog en heeft blauwe bloemen waaruit peulen met zaadjes ontstaan. De plant wordt verbouwd vanwege de vezels, waar men vlasdraad en linnen van kan maken, en vanwege de zaadjes, waar men lijnzaadolie uit wint, een eetbare olie die wordt gebruikt als voedingssupplement en als bestanddeel van verf en een groot aantal producten waarmee men hout afwerkt. In Georgië en Zwitserland zijn bewijzen gevonden dat vlas al in de prehistorie werd gebruikt, en in Egyptische tombes heeft men geregeld fijne linnen stoffen gevonden. Fenicische handelaren introduceerden linnen in Gallië en Groot-Brittannië. De Romeinen verspreidden linnen producten over hun hele rijk. In West-Europa werd de productie van linnen in de zeventiende eeuw een belangrijke industrie. 

Related concepts:
source for ....  flax (fiber)
..................  (plant fiber, natural fiber, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014041]
source for ....  linen (material)
..................  (<textile materials by composition or origin>, textile materials, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014069]
source for ....  linseed oil
..................  (vegetable oil, <oil by composition or origin>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300014292]

Sources and Contributors:
亞麻 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 June 16, 2015
common flax (species)............  [VP]
......................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
......................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
cultivated flax (species)............  [VP]
............................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
echter Lein (species)............  [VP]
......................................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
Flachs (species)............  [VP]
.............................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
flax (species)............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
flax plant (species)............  [VP]
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
keten (species)............  [VP]
.............................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
lin (species)............  [VP]
..........................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
lin commun (species)............  [VP]
...................................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
linhaça (species)............  [VP]
................................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
lino (species)............  [VP]
.............................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
lino comune (species)............  [VP]
......................................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
Linum humile (species)............  [VP]
.........................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
Linum usitatissimum (species)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
..................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..................................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..................................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
..................................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
..................................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
Linum usitatissimum var. humile (subspecies)............  [VP]
.......................................................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
vlas............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...........  AAT-Ned (1994-)
ya ma ()............  [AS-Academia Sinica, VP]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
.................  USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
yǎ ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  De Kinder Guy, ABC van het plantenlatijn. Betekenis van botanische namen, De Kinder Guy, 2010
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (2007-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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