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ID: 300375427
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300375427

 

Record Type: concept
Rubus fruticosus (species) (Rubus (genus), Rosaceae (family), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Black- or purple-fruited species of shrub. The fruit is not a true berry; botanically it is termed an aggregate fruit, composed of small drupelets. The leaves and young shoots of the blackberry bush produce a dark brown or black dye that is rich in tannins. The roots give orange and greenish tones. The blackberry fruit, when ripe, makes red (no mordant), green (chromium mordant) or purple (aluminum or tin mordants) dyes. The addition of vinegar to the dye bath strengthens the purple tones. The primary colorants in the berries are anthocyanins, such as cyanidin, malvidin, and chrysanthemin.
 
Terms:
Rubus fruticosus (species) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Rubus fruticosus (species) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
Rubus fruticosus (soort) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
common blackberry (species) (C,U,C,English,AD,U,N)
bramble blackberry (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shrubby blackberry (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
wild blackberry (species) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
黑莓 (種) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
hēi méi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hei mei (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hei mei (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
braam (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosales (order)
................................ Rosales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosaceae (family)
.................................... Rosaceae (family) (G)
Hierarchy of Rubus (genus)
........................................ Rubus (genus) (G)
Hierarchy of Rubus fruticosus (species)
............................................ Rubus fruticosus (species) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 黑色或紫色果實的灌木物種。其果實並非真正的莓果,植物學上將其稱為聚合果,由幾個小核果所組成。黑莓灌木的葉子及幼芽可用來製作富有丹寧酸的深棕色或黑色染料;根部可提供作為橙色與微綠色調染料。黑莓果實成熟時,可製造紅色(無媒染劑)、綠色(鉻媒染劑)、或紫色(鋁或錫媒染劑)染料;在染浴中加入醋可強化紫色的色調。莓果中主要的著色劑是花青素,例如:矢車菊素、錦葵花素以及菊苷。 
Dutch ..... Struik met zwarte of paarse vruchten. De vrucht is geen echte bes. Botanisch wordt het een ���verzamelvrucht' genoemd, een vrucht die bestaat uit allemaal kleine steenvruchtjes. Uit de bladeren en loten van de braam wint men een donkerbruine of zwarte kleurstof die rijk is aan tannines. Uit de wortels kan men een kleurstof extraheren met een oranje of groenige tint. Met rijpe bramen produceert men rode kleurstoffen (zonder bijtmiddel), groene kleurstoffen (met een bijtmiddel met chromium) en paarse kleurstoffen (met een bijtmiddel met aluminium of tin). De primaire kleurstoffen in de bramen zijn anthocyanen, zoals cyanidine, malvidine en chrysanthemine.  

Related concepts:
source for ....  blackberry (fruit)
..................  (compound fruits, fleshy fruit, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300375416]

Sources and Contributors:
黑莓 (種)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
braam............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
bramble blackberry (species)............  [VP]
...............................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
common blackberry (species)............  [VP]
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...............................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...............................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
...............................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
hei mei............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hēi méi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Rubus fruticosus (species)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...............................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...............................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
...............................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
...............................................  USDA Classification online (2008-)
shrubby blackberry............  [VP]
...................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
wild blackberry (species)............  [VP]
............................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  De Kinder Guy, ABC van het plantenlatijn. Betekenis van botanische namen, De Kinder Guy, 2010
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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