The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 300343933
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300343933

 

Record Type: concept
Malvaceae (family) (Malvales (order), Rosanae (superorder), ... Living Organisms (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Family containing 243 genera and at least 4,225 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, common in the tropics but found in all but the coldest regions. Economically, the most important member of the family is cotton (Gossypium). Several species of Hibiscus produce fibers that are of lesser importance. The green fruits of okra (H. esculentus) are cooked and eaten, and the mucilage secreted in tissues of some species has been used in certain confections and for other purposes. Genera now included in Malvaceae were long thought to be very closely related, but, until DNA studies were done at the end of the 20th century, they were placed in four different families: Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae, and Sterculiaceae, this group of families alone constituting Malvales for some earlier botanists. DNA evidence has shown that many of the genera in these families are interdigitated, a finding used for including them in a larger, single family rather than maintaining artificial lineages (ones that do not share a common ancestor).
 
Terms:
Malvaceae (family) (preferred,C,U,S,English-P,D,U,N)
Malvaceae (familie) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Malvaceae (family) (Latin-P,D,U,N)
mallow family (C,U,C,English,UF,U,U)
hibiscus family (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
mallows (family) (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
錦葵科 (科) (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
jǐn kuí kē (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
jin kui ke (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
chin k'uei k'o (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kaasjeskruidfamilie (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
mauves (plant family) (C,U,C,French,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of Living Organisms (hierarchy name)
.... Living Organisms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of living organisms (entities)
........ living organisms (entities) (G)
Hierarchy of Eukaryota (domain)
............ Eukaryota (domain) (G)
Hierarchy of Plantae (kingdom)
................ Plantae (kingdom) (G)
Hierarchy of Angiospermae (division)
.................... Angiospermae (division) (G)
Hierarchy of Magnoliopsida (class)
........................ Magnoliopsida (class) (G)
Hierarchy of Rosanae (superorder)
............................ Rosanae (superorder) (G)
Hierarchy of Malvales (order)
................................ Malvales (order) (G)
Hierarchy of Malvaceae (family)
.................................... Malvaceae (family) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 包含243個屬與至少4225種的草本植物、灌木或喬木,常見於熱帶地區,但除極寒區域外皆可見其蹤跡。本科中最具經濟價值的作物為棉花(棉屬)。木槿屬的數種植物亦可生產纖維,但重要性較低。秋葵(學名H. esculentus)的綠色果實可烹調食用,某些樹種的組織所分泌的黏液可用於調製特定食物,或其他用途。過去一直認為錦葵科目前所含的各屬之間有密切關係,但直到西元二十世紀末的基因研究之前,這些屬仍各別分散於錦葵科、木棉科、田麻科、梧桐科等四科之內,早期有些植物學家認為,單這四個科便構成了錦葵目。基因證據顯示,這四科的許多屬之間有叉合現象,根據這個發現,這些屬被歸類在一個大型的單科之下,而非維持原先人工分類的數個譜系(沒有共同始祖的譜系)。 
Dutch ..... Familie van 243 genera en ten minste 4225 soorten kruiden, struiken en bomen die veel voorkomen in de tropen, maar die men ook vindt in andere gebieden, behalve de allerkoudste. Katoen (Gossypium) is economisch het belangrijkste genus. Verschillende soorten uit het genus Hibiscus produceren vezels die van minder groot belang zijn. De groene vruchten van de okra (H. esculentus) worden gekookt en gegeten. De gom die sommige soorten afscheiden, gebruikt men in bepaalde zoetigheden en voor andere doeleinden. Al lange tijd dacht men dat de genera die tegenwoordig zijn opgenomen in Malvaceae zeer nauw aan elkaar verwant waren. Ze werden echter in vier verschillende families geplaatst: Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae en Sterculiaceae. Voor sommige botanisten uit het verleden vormden deze groep families zelfs de gehele orde Malvales. DNA-onderzoek aan het eind van de twintigste eeuw heeft inderdaad uitgewezen dat veel genera uit deze families nauw verwant zijn. Ze zijn daarom in één grote familie opgenomen en kunstmatige onderscheiden zijn losgelaten (onderscheiden waarbij niet is uitgegaan van een gemeenschappelijke voorouder). 

Sources and Contributors:
錦葵科 (科)............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 August 18, 2014
.................  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 18, 2014
chin k'uei k'o............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
hibiscus family............  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
jin kui ke............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
jǐn kuí kē............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kaasjeskruidfamilie............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
mallow family............  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
..........................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
mallows (family)............  [VP]
.............................  Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-)
.............................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
Malvaceae (family)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
...................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
...................................  NCBI Taxonomy Browser (2008-)
mauves (plant family)............  [VP]
......................................  ITIS: Integrated Taxonomic Information System online (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (2009)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 6 January 2011
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust