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ID: 300265173
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265173

 

Record Type: concept
Coromandel lacquer (ware) (lacquerware, <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a type of lacquerware made in central and northern China from the 17th century and particularly popular in the 18th century in European high society. Coromandel lacquerware is characterized by its incised decorations filled with brightly colored lacquer or oil paint. The name comes from a part of the southeastern Indian coast near Madras that was a transfer point for Far Eastern goods being shipped to Europe by England's East India Company. The most well-known Coromandel lacquerware are the large Coromandel screens. The term is sometimes used to refer to the technique of doing the lacquering. The Japanese were also familiar with the technique but rarely used it for their lacquerware.
 
Terms:
Coromandel lacquer (ware) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
Coromandel lacquerware (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
科羅曼德漆器 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
kē luó màn dé qī qì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
ke luo man de qi qi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
k'o lo man te ch'i ch'i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kuancai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated)-P,UF,U,N)
Coromandel-lakwerk (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Koromandellacke (C,U,German,D,PN)
Koromandellack (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of lacquerware
.................... lacquerware (G)
Hierarchy of Coromandel lacquer (ware)
........................ Coromandel lacquer (ware) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Activities Facet
Activities Facet
Hierarchy of Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)
.... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <processes and techniques by specific type>
........ <processes and techniques by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <additive and joining processes and techniques>
............ <additive and joining processes and techniques> (G)
Hierarchy of <surface covering processes and techniques>
................ <surface covering processes and techniques> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (process)
.................... coating (process) (G)
Hierarchy of lacquering
........................ lacquering (G)
Hierarchy of Coromandel lacquer (ware)
............................ Coromandel lacquer (ware) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指一種自17世紀開始於中國中部及北部出產的漆器,特別盛行於18世紀歐洲的上流社會階層。此種漆器以其雕花著稱,並塗上色彩鮮豔的亮漆或油塗料。此名稱來自印度東南海岸上靠近馬德拉斯(Madras)的一處,曾是英格蘭的東印度公司運送遠東貨品至歐洲的轉運點。最有名的科羅曼德漆器為大型的科羅曼德屏風。此詞彙偶爾也用於描述上漆的技術。日本人亦熟知此技術,但很少將之用於漆器上。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar een type lakwerk dat vanaf de 17de eeuw in Midden- en Noord-China werd vervaardigd en dat met name in de 18de eeuw grote populariteit genoot in de gegoede kringen. Coromandel-lakwerk kenmerkt zich door de ingesneden decoraties, opgevuld met helder gekleurde lak of olieverf. De naam is ontleend aan een regio langs de zuidoostkust van India in de buurt van Madras, die als doorvoerhaven diende voor goederen uit het Verre Oosten die door de Britse East India Company naar Europa moesten worden verscheept. De bekendste voorbeelden van Coromandel-lakwerk zijn de grote Coromandel-kamerschermen. De term verwijst soms ook naar de laktechniek zelf. Ook de Japanners waren bekend met deze techniek, maar zij gebruikten hem zelden voor hun lakwerk. 
German ..... Bezeichnet eine Lackiertechnik aus Zentral- und Norchina des 17. Jahrhunderts, die besonders im Europa des 18. Jahrhunderts in der gehobenen Gesellschaft beliebt war. Koromandellack ist gekennzeichnet durch eingeschnittene Dekore, die mit heller Lack- oder Ölfarbe gefüllt werden. Der Name bezieht sich auf eine Region der südostlichen indischen Küste bei Madras, der als Umschlagplatz der Ostindien-Kompanie für fernöstliche Güter nach England diente.  

Related concepts:
produce ....  Chinese Coromandel screens
..............  (folding screens, screens (furniture), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265171]

Sources and Contributors:
科羅曼德漆器............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Coromandel lacquer (ware)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
............................................  AATA database (2002-) 122351 checked 26 January 2012
............................................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989) 216
............................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "China, Furniture: Materials and techniques," accessed 20 January 2005
............................................  Masschelein-Kleiner, Ancient Binding Media, Varnishes and Adhesives, 2nd ed (1995) 77
Coromandel lacquerware............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Coromandel-lakwerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
ke luo man de qi qi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
kē luó màn dé qī qì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
k'o lo man te ch'i ch'i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Koromandellack............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.............................  Brockhaus online (2013 - ) "Koromandellack"
.............................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?qu=Koromandellack
.............................  Schmitz, Kunst und Kultur des 18. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland (1922) 190
Koromandellacke............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) "Koromandellack"
kuancai............  [VP]
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "China, Furniture: Ming to early Qing," accessed 20 January 2005
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 122351 checked 26 January 2012
............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "China, Furniture: Materials and techniques," accessed 20 January 2005
............  Hemming, Folding Screen (1999) 14
............  Masschelein-Kleiner, Ancient Binding Media, Varnishes and Adhesives, 2nd ed (1995) 77
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "China, Furniture: Materials and techniques," accessed 20 January 2005
.......... Hemming, Folding Screen (1999) 14
.......... Masschelein-Kleiner, Ancient Binding Media, Varnishes and Adhesives, 2nd ed (1995) 77
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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