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Semantic View (JSONRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples) Representative Images:    1  2

ID: 300265033
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300265033

 

Record Type: concept
protomai (container components, <components by specific context>, ... Components (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to components or embellishments used in antiquity in both the East and West. Moldmade protomai are often used on ancient vessels, typically plastic vases such as rhyta or kantharoi although also used on other vessel types such as cauldrons and shoulder hydriae. Protomai usually consist of the upper part (head, chest, and forelegs) of an animal or mythological creature or the head and upper body of a person. Protomai are often depicted in Greek vase paintings as shield devices as well. Amongst other things, protomai are also used as embellishments on ancient Hittite architecture and ancient Roman furniture. Protomai, especially in their earliest incarnations, most likely often had votive purposes. The term is occasionally used to refer to embellishments of a later date, particularly medieval stone architectural embellishments.
 
Terms:
protomai (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
protomai (Spanish,AD,U,SN)
protome (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
protomes (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
dierkapitelen (verfraaiing) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
prótomo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.PJ

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of container components
................ container components (G)
Hierarchy of protomai
.................... protomai (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings components
................ furnishings components (G)
Hierarchy of furniture components
.................... furniture components (G)
Hierarchy of protomai
........................ protomai (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by function>
................ <visual works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of religious visual works
.................... religious visual works (G)
Hierarchy of ex-votos (religious visual works)
........................ ex-votos (religious visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of protomai
............................ protomai (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Object Genres (hierarchy name)
.... Object Genres (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of object genres (object classifications)
........ object genres (object classifications) (G)
Hierarchy of <object genres by function>
............ <object genres by function> (G)
Hierarchy of ornaments (object genre)
................ ornaments (object genre) (G)
Hierarchy of protomai
.................... protomai (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Components (hierarchy name)
.... Components (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of components (objects parts)
........ components (objects parts) (G)
Hierarchy of <components by specific context>
............ <components by specific context> (G)
Hierarchy of architectural elements
................ architectural elements (G)
Hierarchy of <culminating and edge ornaments for architectural>
.................... <culminating and edge ornaments for architectural> (G)
Hierarchy of protomai
........................ protomai (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar componenten of verfraaiingen die tijdens de oudheid zowel in het oosten als in het westen werden gebruikt. Gemodelleerde dierkapitelen werden vaak toegepast bij oud vaatwerk, met name plastische vazen zoals rytons of kantharoi, maar ze komen ook bij andere typen vaatwerk zoals smeltkroezen en schouderhydria's. Dierkapitelen bestaan meestal uit een bovendeel (hoofd, borst en voorpoten) van een dier of mythologisch wezen, of het hoofd en bovenlichaam van een persoon. In Griekse vaasbeschilderingen worden dierkapitelen vaak ook als schildelementen afgebeeld. Dierkapitelen werden onder meer gebruikt als verfraaiing op oude Hettitische architectuur en Romeins meubilair. Met name in hun vroegste gedaanten hadden dierkapitelen vermoedelijk ook een functie als votiefbeeld. De term verwijst soms naar verfraaiingen van latere datum, met name in steen uitgevoerde architecturale verfraaiingen tijdens de Middeleeuwen. 

Related concepts:
contextualized in ....  plastic vases (ancient vessels)
................................  (vases, vessels (containers), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300198865]

Sources and Contributors:
dierkapitelen (verfraaiing)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
protomai............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 127815 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Clark, Elston and Hart, Understanding Greek Vases (2002) 133
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
protome............  [VP]
.................  Clark, Elston and Hart, Understanding Greek Vases (2002) 133
protomes............  [VP]
.................  Clark, Elston and Hart, Understanding Greek Vases (2002) 133
prótomo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  TAA database (2000-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 127815 checked 26 January 2012
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Clark, Elston and Hart, Understanding Greek Vases (2002) 133
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 23 June 2004
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)

 

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