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ID: 300264789
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264789

 

Record Type: concept
toas (<sculpture by function>, sculpture (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: South Australian carved sculptures made of wood, gypsum, and ochre, which function as direction-markers. These sculptures were placed in the ground to indicate which particular tribal group inhabited the site or in which direction they could be found. The aboriginal Australians named Diyari constructed these innovative signposts at the Lutheran Mission at Killalpaninna between 1903 and 1906. Toas are not a traditional form of sculpture; it is believed that the production of toas was by the request of Europeans interested in aboriginal culture. Toas were only produced in the South Australian state.
 
Terms:
toas (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
toas (local language-P,D,U,PN)
toa's (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Toa (C,U,German-P,D,B)
toa (C,U,local language,AD,U,SN)
toa (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
madero sacro (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by function>
........................ <sculpture by function> (G)
Hierarchy of toas
............................ toas (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Zuid-Australische uitgehakte beeldhouwwerken, die zijn gemaakt van hout, gips en oker en dienen als richtingaangevers. Deze beeldhouwwerken werden in de grond geplaatst om aan te geven welke stam de betreffende locatie in bezit had of in welke richting deze was te vinden. Volgens de Aboriginals waren de innovatieve wegwijzers tussen 1903 en 1906 bij de Lutheraanse missiepost van Killalpaninna gemaakt door Diyari. Toa's zijn geen traditionele beeldhouwwerken. Men denkt dat de productie van toa's volgde op een verzoek van Europeanen, die interesse hadden in de cultuur van de Aboriginals. Toa's werden alleen geproduceerd in de staat Zuid-Australië. 
German ..... Geschnitzte Skulptur aus Süd-Australien, aus Holz, Gips und Ocker gefertigt, die als Richtungsweiser dienten. Diese Skulptur wurde am Boden platziert, um zu zeigen, welcher Stamm auf dem Gebiet wohnte oder in welcher Richtung man ihn finden konnte. Die Ureinwohner Australiens, genannt Dieri, bauten diese innovativen Zeichenposten während der Lutheraner-Mission in Killalpaninna zwischen 1903 und 1906. Die Toa sind keine traditionelle Form der Skulptur; man nimmt an, dass die Herstellung der Toa auf Nachfrage der Europäer, die sich für die Kultur der Aboriginals intersessierten, geschah. Toa wurden ausschließlich im gebiet des heutigen "South Australia" produziert. 
Spanish ..... Esculturas talladas del sur de Australia hechas en madera, yeso y ocra, las cuales funcionan como señalizadores de camino. Estas esculturas eran ubicadas en el suelo para indicar que un grupo tribal específico habitaba el sitio o en que dirección podían ser ubicados. Los aborígenes australianos llamados djeri construían esos innovadores postes en la misión luterana de Killalpaninna entre 1903 y 1906. Los toa no son una forma tradicional de escultura; se cree que la production de toa se debió a la solicitud de los europeos interesados en cultura aborigen. Los toa eran solamente producidos en el estado del sur de Australia. 

Sources and Contributors:
madero sacro............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Filoramos, Diccionario Akal de las Religiones (2001) 57
toa............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...........  TAA database (2000-)
...........  Toas: Mapping Country [online] (2003) accessed 05 August 2003
Toa............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
...........  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
toas............  [VP Preferred]
...........  Caruana, Aboriginal Art (1993) 101
...........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 05 August 2003
...........  Toas: Mapping Country [online] (2003) accessed 05 August 2003
toa's............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Caruana, Aboriginal Art (1993) 101
.......... Toas: Mapping Country [online] (2003) accessed 05 August 2003
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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