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ID: 300264420
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300264420

 

Record Type: concept
akrafokonmu (<jewelry by form>, jewelry, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Gold disks of the Akan people of Africa, often elaborately worked, usually worn as pectoral pendants, but known to be worn occasionally attached to caps or the hair or tied to the ankle. Their original function, especially among the Asante, was to mark the wearer as the "akra" or "soul washer" of a king, responsible for cleansing the king's soul in ceremonies of purification or soul renewal. Later on akrafokonmu became multifunctional, worn by kings, chiefs, sword bearers, heralds, sub-chiefs, war leaders, junior officials, and young girls at puberty ceremonies.
 
Terms:
akrafokonmu (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,L,U)
akrafokonmu (African language-P,D,U,PN)
akrafokonmu (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
akrafokonmu (Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
soul-washer's disks (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
soul washer's badges (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
soul disks (C,U,English,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TE

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Costume (hierarchy name)
........ Costume (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of costume (mode of fashion)
............ costume (mode of fashion) (G)
Hierarchy of costume accessories
................ costume accessories (G)
Hierarchy of worn costume accessories
.................... worn costume accessories (G)
Hierarchy of jewelry
........................ jewelry (G)
Hierarchy of <jewelry by form>
............................ <jewelry by form> (G)
Hierarchy of akrafokonmu
................................ akrafokonmu (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Information Forms (hierarchy name)
........ Information Forms (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of information forms (objects)
............ information forms (objects) (G)
Hierarchy of information artifacts
................ information artifacts (G)
Hierarchy of <information artifacts by function>
.................... <information artifacts by function> (G)
Hierarchy of identifying artifacts
........................ identifying artifacts (G)
Hierarchy of symbols of office
............................ symbols of office (G)
Hierarchy of akrafokonmu
................................ akrafokonmu (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Gouden schijven van het Afrikaanse Akan-volk, vaak verfijnd afgewerkt, doorgaans op de borst gedragen hangers, maar sporadisch ook bevestigd aan kapjes of het haar of de enkel. Ze waren oorspronkelijk bedoeld, met name bij de Asante, om de drager te onderscheiden als de 'akra' of 'zielenreiniger' van een koning, die verantwoordelijk was voor het reinigen van de ziel van de koning tijdens zuiveringsrituelen of ceremonieën ter vernieuwing van de ziel. Later kregen akrafokonmu meerdere functies en werden ze gedragen door koningen, stamhoofden, zwaarddragers, herauten, onderhoofden, krijgsheren, lagere functionarissen en jonge meisjes tijdens puberteitsrituelen. 
Spanish ..... Discos de oro de la gente de Akan, Africa, frecuentemente trabajados elaboradamente, usualmente usado como pendientes pectorales, pero conocido para ser usado ocasionalmente adosado a una gorra o el cabello o unido al tobillo. Su función original, especialmente entre los Asantes, era para marcar lo que se llevaba puesto como el "akra" o "lavador de alma" de un rey, responsable para la limpieza del alma del rey en ceremonias de purificación o renovación del alma. Más tarde un AKRAFOKONMU llegó a ser multifuncional, usado por reyes, jefes, portadores de espadas, heraldos, subjefes, jefes de guerra, oficiales jóvenes, y jóvenes muchachas en ceremonias de pubertad. 

Sources and Contributors:
akrafokonmu............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Cole and Ross, Arts of Ghana (1977) 153
.......................  Garrard, Africa: Art of a Continent (1995) 440; illustrated
.......................  Sieber and Walker, African Art (1987) 102; illustrated
.......................  TAA database (2000-)
soul disks............  [VP]
.......................  Cole and Ross, Arts of Ghana (1977) 153
soul washer's badges............  [VP]
...................................  Garrard, Africa: Art of a Continent (1995) 440
soul-washer's disks............  [VP]
...................................  Sieber and Walker, African Art (1987) 102
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Garrard, Africa: Art of a Continent (1995) 440
.......... Sieber and Walker, African Art (1987) 102
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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