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ID: 300263744
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300263744

 

Record Type: concept
makara (<figure- and animal-derived motifs>, motifs, ... Design Elements (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Ancient animal motifs of Indian origin used throughout Asian art featuring a composite creature combining the forms of the crocodile and the elephant with a curly tail depicted as scrolls of greenery. The motif often serves as a framing architectural device, generally combined with lintels of free-standing gateways supported by carved pillars set on molded bases.
 
Terms:
makara (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
makara (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
makara (Spanish-P,D,U,U)
摩訶羅 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
一種古印度的動物紋飾 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
mó hē luó (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
mo he luo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
mo ho lo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  D.DG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Physical Attributes Facet
Physical Attributes Facet
Hierarchy of Design Elements (hierarchy name)
.... Design Elements (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of design elements (attributes)
........ design elements (attributes) (G)
Hierarchy of motifs
............ motifs (G)
Hierarchy of <figure- and animal-derived motifs>
................ <figure- and animal-derived motifs> (G)
Hierarchy of makara
.................... makara (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 源於古印度的動物紋飾,廣泛使用於亞洲藝術中,其特色為一種由鱷魚和大象組合而成的生物,有著描繪綠色植物、捲軸似的尾巴。此一紋飾時常做為建築結構上的裝置,一般而言是結合獨立式的通道的過樑,由立在鑄模基座上的雕刻廊柱所支撐。 
Dutch ..... Klassieke diermotieven van Indiase oorsprong die algemeen ingang vonden in de Aziatische kunst, met afbeeldingen van een fabeldier samengesteld uit delen van een krokodil en een olifant, waarbij lofwerk een gekrulde staart moet voorstellen. Dit motief fungeert vaak in de architectuur, doorgaans in combinatie met lateien bij vrijstaande poorten gedragen door bewerkte zuilen op een gegoten voet. 
Spanish ..... Motivos de animales antiguos de origen indio usados en todo el arte asiático en el que destaca una criatura compuesta que combina las formas del cocodrilo y el elefante con una cola rizada representada como espirales de verdor. El motivo sirve a menudo como un marco arquitectónico, generalmente combinado con dinteles de entradas autosustentables sostenidos por pilares tallados colocados sobre bases amoldadas. 

Sources and Contributors:
摩訶羅............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  印度藝術史概論 p. 54
一種古印度的動物紋飾............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
makara............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Chevalier y Gheerbrant, Diccionario de los simbolos (1988) 676
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.................  Girard-Geslan et al. Art of Southeast Asia (1994) 624
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Torana" Accessed 8/10/00
.................  Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
mo he luo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mó hē luó............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
mo ho lo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Lützeler, Verklarend kunstwoordenboek (1982)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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