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ID: 300254462
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300254462

 

Record Type: concept
opus sectile (visual works) (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Images or patterns composed of individually shaped pieces of durable material, usually stone or glass, where each piece forms an element in the design or pattern. It is distinguished from mosaics, which use small fragments of stone or glass (tesserae) to fill in areas or lines in the design, but each tessera does not itself form a pattern or element. Opus sectile originated in Egypt and Asia Minor. It was considered a rarer and more luxurious art than straightforward mosaic. Little survives before Roman times; it was later used in Early Christian and Byzantine churches, and remained popular in Italy, particularly in church floors, throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
 
Terms:
opus sectile (visual works) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
opus sectile (visual works) (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
opus sectile (Italian-P,D,U,U)
opus sectile (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
Opus sectile (C,U,German-P,D,B)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of opus sectile (visual works)
.................... opus sectile (visual works) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Beeldende werken, waarbij voorstellingen of patronen zijn gevormd uit stukjes duurzaam materiaal, meestal glas of steen, in verschillende vormen. Te onderscheiden van 'mozaïeken', die bestaan uit stukjes duurzaam materiaal van regelmatige vorm. 
German ..... Bild oder Muster, das aus individuell geformten Stücken aus dauerhaftem Material, gewöhnlich Stein oder Glas, zusammengefügt ist, bei dem jedes Stück einen Teil der Darstellung oder des Musters bildet. Es wird vom Mosaik unterschieden, das kleine Bruchstücke aus Stein oder Glas (Tesserae) verwendet, um Flächen oder Linien in der Darstellung aufzufüllen, aber jedes Tessera bildet nicht selbst ein Muster oder Element. Opus sectile entstanden in Ägypten und Kleinasien. Es wurde als eine seltenere und luxuriösere Kunst als das einfachere Mosaik angesehen. Wenig ist aus vorrömischer Zeit erhalten geblieben; später wurde es in frühchristlichen und byzantinischen Kirchen verwendet und blieb in Italien während des Mittelalters und der Renaissance beliebt, besonders bei Fußböden von Kirchen.  
Spanish ..... Imágenes o modelos compuestos de piezas modeladas individuales de material durable, usualmente piedra o vidrio, que conforman el diseño o modelo. Distinto de "mosaico" que es compuesto de pequeñas piezas de forma regular de material durable. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  mosaics (visual works)
..................................  (<visual works by material or technique>, visual works (works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300015342]
produced by ....  opus sectile (technique)
....................  (inlay (process), <surface covering processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)) [300404030]

Sources and Contributors:
opus sectile (visual works)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, ICCD Preferred, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 126821 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Avery Index (1963-)
...............................................  Contributed as a candidate term BHA - 6/94
...............................................  Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 166
...............................................  ICCD database (1988-)
...............................................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997)
...............................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
...............................................  Newton and Davison, Conservation of Glass (1989) GLOS
...............................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984)
...............................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
...............................................  Sturgis, Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) Vol. 3, 24
...............................................  Ward-Perkins, Roman Imperial Architecture (1985) GLOS
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
Opus sectile............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/675907/revisions/1119557/view
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4205407-2
.......................  Lucie-Smith und Thomas, DuMont's Lexikon der bildenden Kunst (1997) 206
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 126821 checked 26 January 2012
............  Avery Index (1963-) pavements--tile
............  Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) sectile opus
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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