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ID: 300242297
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300242297

 

Record Type: concept
biscuit (porcelain, material) (ceramic (material), <ceramic and ceramic by product>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Unglazed ceramic material that has been fired only once; generally producing a grainy texture; frequently used for modeling ornament or making small statues, dolls, or vessels. Distinct from "parian (porcelain)," which is silky in texture and marblelike in appearance.
 
Terms:
biscuit (porcelain, material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
biscuit (porcelain, material) (Spanish,AD,U,U)
biscuit (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bisque (ceramic material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bisque (ceramic) (French-P,D,U,N)
biscuit porcelain (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bisc (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bisk (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
Biskuit (C,U,German-P,D,U,N)
porcelana biscuit (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
bizcocho (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)
Hierarchy of <clay by product>
........................ <clay by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic and ceramic by product>
............................ <ceramic and ceramic by product> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic (material)
................................ ceramic (material) (G)
Hierarchy of biscuit (porcelain, material)
.................................... biscuit (porcelain, material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Ongeglazuurd porselein of aardewerk dat slechts één keer is gebakken en normaal gesproken een korrelige struktuur heeft. Het wordt vaak gebruikt voor de vormgeving van sieraden of voor het maken van kleine beelden, poppen of vaatwerk. Te onderscheiden van 'parisch marmer (porselein)', dat een zijdeachtige structuur heeft en op marmer lijkt. 
Spanish ..... Porcelana o loza de barro sin enlucir que ha sido cocida sólo una vez, produciendo en general una textura granulosa. Utilizada frecuentemente para modelar adornos o para realizar pequeñas estatuas, muñecas o barcos. Diferente a la "paria (porcelana)", que es de textura sedosa y con apariencia semejante al mármol. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  parian (porcelain, material)
..................................  (porcelain (material), ceramic (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300219039]

Sources and Contributors:
bisc............  [VP]
...........  Coleman et al, Collector's Encyclopedia of Dolls (1968) 74
biscuit (porcelain, material)............  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP Preferred]
..................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..................................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
..................................................  Cameron, Encyclopedia of Pottery and Porcelain (1986)
..................................................  Coleman et al, Collector's Encyclopedia of Dolls (1968) 74
..................................................  Costantino, How to Know French Antiques (1961) GLOS
..................................................  Ehresmann, Pocket Dictionary of Art Terms (1979)
..................................................  Fanier,ed., French Art of the 18th Century (1957) GLOS
..................................................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 100
..................................................  Ketchum, Pottery and Porcelain (1983) GLOS
..................................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
..................................................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975)
..................................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
..................................................  Rado, Technology of Pottery (1988) GLOS
..................................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
..................................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989)
..................................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
biscuit porcelain (material)............  [VP]
...............................................  Cameron, Encyclopedia of Pottery and Porcelain (1986) 50
bisk............  [VP]
...........  Coleman et al, Collector's Encyclopedia of Dolls (1968) 74
Biskuit............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
bisque (ceramic material)............  [VP]
............................................  Coleman et al, Collector's Encyclopedia of Dolls (1968)
............................................  Ehresmann, Pocket Dictionary of Art Terms (1979)
............................................  Ketchum, Pottery and Porcelain (1983) GLOS
............................................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
............................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
............................................  Rado, Technology of Pottery (1988) GLOS
............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
............................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989)
bizcocho............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 100
porcelana biscuit............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
................................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 168
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) bisque ware; biscuit ware
............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) biscuit ware
............  Terraroli, Italian Art Ceramics: 1900-1950 (2007) 229
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Cameron, Encyclopedia of Pottery and Porcelain (1986)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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