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ID: 300233473
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300233473

 

Record Type: concept
bone china (material) (porcelain (material), ceramic (material), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Material comprising hard paste porcelain modified by the addition of bone ash to the usual clay and feldspathic rock. It is characterized by being bright white in color. A patent was first taken out in the 1740s by Thomas Fry at Bow for the use of bone ash in china ware, but bone china in its present form was first introduced by Spode in 1796. Softer than hard-paste porcelain, more durable and economical than soft-paste, it became the standard English porcelain body in the 19th century and is still used today.
 
Terms:
bone china (material) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
bone china (material) (Spanish,AD,U,U)
china, bone (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bone-china (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
bone porcelain (material) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
骨瓷 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
gǔ cí (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gu ci (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ku tz'u (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
kraakporselein (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
porcelaine tendre (bone china) (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
porcelana de huesos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of clay
.................... clay (G)
Hierarchy of <clay by product>
........................ <clay by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <ceramic and ceramic by product>
............................ <ceramic and ceramic by product> (G)
Hierarchy of ceramic (material)
................................ ceramic (material) (G)
Hierarchy of porcelain (material)
.................................... porcelain (material) (G)
Hierarchy of bone china (material)
........................................ bone china (material) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種瓷,通常指在原本的黏土及長石岩中加入骨灰改良而成之硬質瓷。其特徵為顏色呈亮白色。  
Dutch ..... Porselein gemengd met beenaarde waardoor het helder wit van kleur wordt. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere a un tipo de porcelana que es característicamente una porcelana de pasta dura modificada por la adición de cenizas de hueso a la mezcla habitual de arcilla y roca feldespática. Se caracteriza por ser de color blanco brillante. 

Related concepts:
required for ....  bone china (visual works)
......................  (porcelain (visual works), ceramic ware (visual works), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300387252]

Sources and Contributors:
骨瓷............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 March 8, 2012
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 57,179
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 56
bone china (material)............  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
......................................  AATA database (2002-) 121147 checked 26 January 2012
......................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
......................................  Drury, Antigüedades (1991)
......................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1973) GLOS
......................................  Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989)
......................................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 105
......................................  Rado, Technology of Pottery (1988) 189
......................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
......................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
bone-china (material)............  [VP]
......................................  Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1989)
bone porcelain (material)............  [VP]
............................................  Metropolitan Museum of Art [online] (2001-)
............................................  Philadelphia Museum of Art online (2000-)
............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
china, bone (material)............  [VP]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
gǔ cí............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
gu ci............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
..............  TELDAP database (2009-)
kraakporselein............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
ku tz'u............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
porcelaine tendre (bone china)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.....................................................  CHIN database (1988-)
porcelana de huesos............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 660
...................................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 168
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121147 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms [online] (2001-2008)
.......... Fleming and Honour, Penguin Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1989)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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