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ID: 300219578
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300219578

 

Record Type: concept
drays (<cargo vehicles by form>, cargo vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Heavy, two- or four-wheeled, horse-drawn freight carriers, generally without sides, having flat, level floors or loading beds, with or without springs; primarily for use by industry in and around cities; distinguished from horse-drawn trucks by having straight and level loading areas and rear wheels smaller than trucks so that they fall below the floor level to allow the hauling of large items.
 
Terms:
drays (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
dray (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
drays, transfer (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
transfer drays (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sleperswagens (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sleperswagen (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
fardier (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
Schleppwagen (Pferdefuhrwerke) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Rollwagen (Pferdefuhrwerke) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
trineos de arrastre (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
trineo de arrastre (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TX

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name)
........ Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of vehicles (transportation)
............ vehicles (transportation) (G)
Hierarchy of land vehicles
................ land vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <land vehicles by form>
.................... <land vehicles by form> (G)
Hierarchy of freewheeled vehicles
........................ freewheeled vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <freewheeled vehicles by form or function>
............................ <freewheeled vehicles by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of cargo vehicles
................................ cargo vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <cargo vehicles by form>
.................................... <cargo vehicles by form> (G)
Hierarchy of drays
........................................ drays (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name)
........ Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of vehicles (transportation)
............ vehicles (transportation) (G)
Hierarchy of land vehicles
................ land vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <land vehicles by method of propulsion>
.................... <land vehicles by method of propulsion> (G)
Hierarchy of horse-drawn vehicles
........................ horse-drawn vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of drays
............................ drays (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Zware vrachtdragers die door paarden worden getrokken; met twee of vier wielen, al of niet met vering, met platte en vlakke bodems of laadbakken en vaak zonder zijkanten; vooral gebruikt door bedrijven in en rond steden; te onderscheiden van goederenwagens die door paarden worden getrokken, doordat ze rechte en vlakke laadvlakken hebben en kleinere achterwielen dan goederenwagens, waardoor ze lager zijn dan het vloerniveau, wat het verslepen van zware voorwerpen vergemakkelijkt. 
German ..... Schwerer, pferdebespannter Frachttransporter mit zwei oder vier Rädern, gewöhnlich ohne Seitenwände, der einen flachen, ebenen Boden oder eine entsprechende Ladefläche hat, mit oder ohne Federung; hauptsächlich im industriellen Einsatz in oder oder in der Nähe von Städten. Zu unterscheiden von einem pferdegezogenen Lastwagen durch eine gerade und ebene Ladefläche und kleineren Hinterrädern als bei Lastwagen, die unter dem Niveau der Ladefläche liegen und so die Beförderung großer Gegenstände ermöglichen. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  trucks
..................................  (<cargo vehicles by form>, cargo vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300022371]

Sources and Contributors:
dray............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...........  AASLH data (2016-)
...........  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
...........  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
...........  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12074; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
...........  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 12074
...........  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
drays............  [VP Preferred]
..............  Berkebile, Carriage Teminology (1978) illustration
..............  Goodsell, Dictionary of Automotive Engineering (1989)
..............  Museums at Stoney Brook, Carriage Collection (1986) 94
..............  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
..............  Smith, Dictionary of Horse-Drawn Vehicles (1988) 68
drays, transfer............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
fardier............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12074; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 12074
.................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
Rollwagen (Pferdefuhrwerke)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...............................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
...............................................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) "Rollwagen"
...............................................  Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon (1905-1909) [online] http://www.zeno.org/nid/20007361254
...............................................  Pierer [online] (1857-1865) http://www.zeno.org/nid/20011241926
Schleppwagen (Pferdefuhrwerke)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.....................................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
.....................................................  Pierer [online] (1857-1865) http://www.zeno.org/nid/20011241926
sleperswagen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
sleperswagens............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
..........................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
transfer drays............  [VP]
.............................  Smith, Dictionary of Horse-Drawn Vehicles (1988) 68
trineo de arrastre............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Robb, Diccionario para Ingenieros (1979)
trineos de arrastre............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/12074; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin

 

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