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ID: 300212699
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300212699

 

Record Type: concept
chariots (ancient vehicles) (<freewheeled vehicles by form or function>, freewheeled vehicles, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman animal-drawn, wheeled vehicles with a wide range of uses and forms, usually driven from the standing position and most often with two wheels; probably developed in Mesopotamia around the early 3rd millenium and could be pulled by up to ten animals.
 
Terms:
chariots (ancient vehicles) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
chariot (ancient vehicle) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
strijdwagens (klassieke voertuigen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
strijdwagen (klassiek voertuig) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
Kampfwagen (Streitwagen) (C,U,German,D,B)
Streitwagen (C,U,German-P,AD,B)
carros (vehículo antiguo) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
carro (vehículo antiguo) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TX

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name)
........ Transportation Vehicles (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of vehicles (transportation)
............ vehicles (transportation) (G)
Hierarchy of land vehicles
................ land vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <land vehicles by form>
.................... <land vehicles by form> (G)
Hierarchy of freewheeled vehicles
........................ freewheeled vehicles (G)
Hierarchy of <freewheeled vehicles by form or function>
............................ <freewheeled vehicles by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of chariots (ancient vehicles)
................................ chariots (ancient vehicles) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor oude Mesopotamische, Egyptische, Griekse en Romeinse voertuigen met meestal twee wielen, die door maximaal tien dieren konden worden getrokken; ze kwamen voor in vele verschillende vormen en met diverse toepassingen en werden meestal bestuurd vanuit een staande positie. Waarschijnlijk ontwikkeld in Mesopotamië rond het begin van het derde millennium. 
German ..... Ein von Tieren gezogenes Fahrzeug in einer Vielzahl von Formen und Nutzungsarten im antiken Mesopotamien, Ägypten, Griechenland und Rom, meist mit zwei Rädern und gewöhnlich in einer stehenden Position gefahren. Wahrscheinlich um das frühe dritte Millennium herum entwickelt, konnte der Streitwagen von bis zu 10 Tieren gezogen werden. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para designar un vehículo de ruedas, tirado por animales, propio de las culturas del antiguo Egipto, Mesopotamia, Grecia y Roma, y con una amplia gama de usos y formas, Por lo general, conducido desde la posición de pie y la con mayor frecuencia con dos ruedas. Probablemente, fue desarrollado en Mesopotamia alrededor de los inicios del tercer milenio y pudo ser tirado por hasta diez animales. 

Related concepts:
required for ....  chariot racing
......................  (horse racing, racing (physical activities), ... Physical and Mental Activities (hierarchy name)) [300379179]
used by ....  charioteers
............  (<people by activity>, people (agents), People (hierarchy name)) [300380118]

Sources and Contributors:
carro (vehículo antiguo)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.........................................  Diccionario de la Lengua española de la Real Academia Española (1984) I:282
.........................................  Diccionario de la Real Academia Española
carros (vehículo antiguo)............  [CDBP-SNPC]
............................................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
chariot (ancient vehicle)............  [VP]
............................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) chariot
............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
chariots (ancient vehicles)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 121765 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Berkebile, Carriage Teminology (1978) chariots
...............................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) chariots
...............................................  Contributed as a candidate term Candidate term - McGill - 9/90.; chariots
...............................................  Edwards et al., Cambridge Ancient History (1971) IND; chariots
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
...............................................  Museums at Stoney Brook, Carriage Collection (1986) 55; chariots
...............................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) illustration; chariots
...............................................  Smith, Dictionary of Horse-Drawn Vehicles (1988) 43; chariots
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) illustration; chariots
Kampfwagen (Streitwagen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.........................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4183649-2
Streitwagen............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.......................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/797083/revisions/1078164/view
.......................  Gless, Rosse, Reiter, Fuhrwerksleut' (1986) 10
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4183649-2
.......................  Tarr, Karren Kutsche Karosse (1978) 55
strijdwagen (klassiek voertuig)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.....................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.....................................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
strijdwagens (klassieke voertuigen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
...........................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
...........................................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 121765 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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