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ID: 300199800
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300199800

 

Record Type: concept
flatware (culinary equipment, <equipment by context>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Culinary utensils that are basically flat, such as forks and spoons, and have no cutting edge. Distinguished from "hollowware" such as drinking vessels and bowls. In modern usage the term embraces all types of flat culinary utensils with or without a cutting edge; however, prefer "cutlery" when referring to culinary utensils with a cutting edge, especially various forms of knives used for food. Flatware is now usually made in sets having on the handles similar or related decorative patterns.
 
Terms:
flatware (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
淺皿 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
扁平餐具 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
biǎn píng cān jù (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
bian ping can ju (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
pien p'ing ts'an chü (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
schepwerk (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
bestek (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
Flachgeschirre (C,U,German,D,PN)
Flachgeschirr (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
cubierto (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,SN)
cubertería (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TH

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by context>
................ <equipment by context> (G)
Hierarchy of culinary equipment
.................... culinary equipment (G)
Hierarchy of flatware
........................ flatware (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by context>
................ <equipment by context> (G)
Hierarchy of culinary equipment
.................... culinary equipment (G)
Hierarchy of kitchenware
........................ kitchenware (G)
Hierarchy of flatware
............................ flatware (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by context>
................ <equipment by context> (G)
Hierarchy of culinary equipment
.................... culinary equipment (G)
Hierarchy of tableware
........................ tableware (G)
Hierarchy of flatware
............................ flatware (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 基本上外形扁平,沒有切割刃口的廚房用具,例如叉和匙。與飲用容器和碗等「凹形器皿」不同。此一詞彙現在的用法,涵括所有種類的扁平廚房用具,無論是否具有切割刃口。然而,若專指有切割刃口的用具,特別是各類烹食用刀,則偏好用「刀具」一詞。扁平餐具現在多半製作成組,同組餐具的柄上有類似或相關聯的裝飾圖紋。該詞彙亦可指扁平或淺的陶瓦器皿,例如盤、碟等等。 
Dutch ..... Culinaire uitrusting met een min of meer platte vorm, zoals vorken en lepels, en zonder snijrand. Te onderscheiden van 'culinaire houders' en 'vaatwerk', zoals drinkglazen en schalen. gebruik de term 'meswerk' bij het verwijzen naar keukengereedschap met snijrand, in het bijzonder diverse soorten messen die bij het eten worden gebruikt. Schepwerk wordt tegenwoordig meestal in sets vervaardigd, met soortgelijke of verwante decoratieve patronen op het handvat. (Engelse term: de term kan ook verwijzen naar min of meer platte of ondiepe voorwerpen van aardewerk, zoals borden en kopjes). 
German ..... Küchenutensilien, die hauptsächlich flach sind, wie zum Beispiel Gabel und Löffel, und keine Schneide besitzen. Wird von "Hohlgeschirr", wie zum Beispiel Trinkgefäßen und Schüsseln, unterschieden. Im modernen Gebrauch umfasst der Begriff alle Typen von flachen Küchenutensilien mit oder ohne einer Schneide; allerdings wird "Besteck" bevorzugt, wenn es auf Küchenutensilien mit einer Schneide verweist, insbesondere verschiedene Formen von Messern, die für Speisen Verwendung finden. Flachgeschirr wird heutzutage meist im Set mit an den Griffen gleichen oder ähnlichen dekorativen Mustern hergestellt. Der Begriff kann sich auch auf relativ flaches Geschirr beziehen, beispielsweise Teller und Untertassen. 
Spanish ..... Utensilios culinarios que son básicamente planos, tales como tenedores y cucharas, y que no tienen bordes cortantes. Se diferencia de "hollowware”, tales como vasos para beber y bowls. Algunas veces se utiliza para abarcar todo tipo de utensilios culinarios planos, con o sin bordes cortantes, pero sin embargo prefiera "cuchillería” para hacer referencia a los utensilios culinarios con borde cortante, especialmente varias formas de cuchillos utilizados para la comida. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  cutlery
..................................  (culinary equipment, <equipment by context>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300199794]
distinguished from ....  hollowware
..................................  (vessels (containers), <containers by form>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300194731]

Sources and Contributors:
淺皿............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 June 28, 2012
扁平餐具............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 4, 2009
...........  朗文當代大辭典 650
bestek............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
bian ping can ju............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
biǎn píng cān jù............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
cubertería............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Fernández et al., Enciclopedia de la plata española y virreinal americana (1985) 373
cubierto............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:825
Flachgeschirr............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
..........................  Dubbel, Taschenbuch für den Maschinenbau (2011) K 42
..........................  Glas-, Email-, Keramo-Technik (1950-1975) 23:315
..........................  Graf, Arbeitszeit und Produktivität Bd. 2 (1959) 30
Flachgeschirre............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.............................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
flatware............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 123773 checked 26 January 2012
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Fales, Early American Silver (1973) GLOS
.................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Silverware (1987) 136
.................  Pickford, Silver Flatware (1983) 13
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  Turner, American Silver Flatware (1972) 410
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
.................  Williams, Savory Suppers (1985) 86
pien p'ing ts'an chü............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
schepwerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123773 checked 26 January 2012
............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) set, flatware
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Silverware (2000) 136
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 10 February 2005
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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