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ID: 300191481
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300191481

 

Record Type: concept
jettons (semi-monetary tokens, tokens (exchange media), ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Inscribed counters or tokens used for reckoning accounts since the 13th century; often copies of contemporary coins; used after the 16th century mostly as souvenir pieces.
 
Terms:
jettons (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
jetton (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
token (semi-monetary) (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
coins, counting (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
counters (tokens) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
counters, reckoning (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
counting coins (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
jetons (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
jetons (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
rekenpenningen (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
rekenpenning (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,SN)
reckoning counters (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
籌碼 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
chóu ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
chou ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ou ma (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
jeton (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
jeton (French-P,AD,U,MSN)
guitones (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
guitón (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VK

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Exchange Media (hierarchy name)
........ Exchange Media (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of exchange media (objects)
............ exchange media (objects) (G)
Hierarchy of tokens (exchange media)
................ tokens (exchange media) (G)
Hierarchy of semi-monetary tokens
.................... semi-monetary tokens (G)
Hierarchy of jettons
........................ jettons (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 自十三世紀以來,用以計算帳目,上面有雕刻圖案的代幣,通常為當代硬幣的複製品;十六世紀以後,大多當作紀念品使用。 
Dutch ..... Gegraveerde rekenpenningen of muntjes die sinds de 13e eeuw werden gebruikt als hulpmidel bij het maken van berekeningen; vaak zijn het kopïëen van munten uit dezelfde periode. Na de 16e eeuw voornamelijk gebruikt als souvenirs. 
Spanish ..... Contadores o fichas grabadas usadas para cálculo de cuentas desde el siglo XIII, a menudo copias de monedas contemporáneas; usadas después del siglo XVI mayoritariamente como piezas de recuerdo. 

Sources and Contributors:
籌碼............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  牛津當代大辭典 970
chou ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
chóu ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
ch'ou ma............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
coins, counting............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
counters (tokens)............  [VP]
................................  Grierson, Numismatics (1975) 162; counters
................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) counters
................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) counters
counters, reckoning............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
counting coins............  [VP]
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
guitón............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:1443
guitones............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
jeton............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP, RKD, AAT-Ned]
..............  AASLH data (2016-)
..............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
..............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13924; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
..............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13924
..............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
..............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
jetons............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Doty, Macmillan Encyclopedic Dictionary of Numismatics (1982) illustration
.................  Price, Coins (1980) 196
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
jetton............  [VP]
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
jettons............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 125241 checked 26 January 2012
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.................  Doty, Macmillan Encyclopedic Dictionary of Numismatics (1982) illustration
.................  Grierson, Numismatics (1975) GLOS
.................  Noël Hume, Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America (1976) illustration, 158
.................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
.................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
reckoning counters............  [VP]
...................................  Grierson, Numismatics (1975) 162
rekenpenning............  [ANET, VP]
.......................  Anet, working group AAT
rekenpenningen............  [ANET, VP]
.............................  Anet, working group AAT
token (semi-monetary)............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
......................................  AASLH data (2016-)
......................................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
......................................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13924; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
......................................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13924
......................................  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 125241 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13924; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
............  Parks Canada Descriptive Dictionary of Objects / Dictionnaire descriptif d’objets (c 1996)
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
.......... Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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