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ID: 300184956
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300184956

 

Record Type: concept
ushabti (funerary sculpture, <sculpture by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Small ancient Egyptian figures of stone, wood, or clay that were placed in tombs, often in large numbers, for the purpose of serving the deceased in the afterlife. The term is derived from ancient Egyptian and is usually translated as "answerer." During the New Kingdom (1539-1075 BCE) the figures were made to resemble the tomb owner by being fashioned in the form of a mummy bearing the owner's name.
 
Terms:
ushabti (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)  ............ from an ancient Egyptian word
ushabti (Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
shawabti (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
ushabtis (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shabti (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shawtaby (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
shawtabys (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ushabtiu (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ushabty (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
ushabtys (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sjabti (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
lijkbeelden (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
washebti (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
shaouabti (C,U,French-P,AD,U,MSN)
Ushabti (C,U,German-P,D,B)
Schabti (C,U,German,UF,B)
Shabti (C,U,German,UF,B)
Shawabti (C,U,German,UF,B)
Uschebti (C,U,German,UF,B)
Ushebti (C,U,German,UF,B)
tesoro funerario (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of sculpture (visual works)
.................... sculpture (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of <sculpture by function>
........................ <sculpture by function> (G)
Hierarchy of funerary sculpture
............................ funerary sculpture (G)
Hierarchy of ushabti
................................ ushabti (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Egyptische figuren van steen, hout of klei in mummiegedaante die in graven werden geplaatst met het doel de overledene te dienen in het hiernamaals. 
German ..... Kleine altägyptische Figur aus Stein, Holz oder Ton, die oft in großer Anzahl Gräbern beigegeben wurde, um dem Verstorbenen im Jenseits zu dienen. Der Begriff ist abgeleitet aus dem Altägyptischen und wird meist mit “Antwortender” übersetzt. Während des Neuen Reichs (1539-1075 v. Chr.) wurden die Figuren so gestaltet, dass sie dem Grabeigentümer ähnelten, indem sie als Mumie gestaltet wurden, die den Namen des Eigentümers trug. 
Spanish ..... Figuras egipcias de piedra, madera o arcilla que fueron ubicadas en la tumbas con el propósito de servir al fallecido en la otra vida. 

Related concepts:
conjuncted with ....  ushabti boxes
............................  (funerary containers, ceremonial containers, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300400765]
used/function as ....  grave goods
..............................  (Kontext oder Herkunft Objektgattungen nach Ort, object genres (object classifications), Object Genres (hierarchy name)) [300180706]

Sources and Contributors:
lijkbeelden............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Archea Kunsthandel
Schabti............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Graf, Der ägyptische Glaube. Band 1: Ägyptische Amulette (2010) 393
shabti............  [VP]
.................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 1062
Shabti............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Graf, Der ägyptische Glaube. Band 1: Ägyptische Amulette (2010) 400
shaouabti............  [AASLH, CHIN / RCIP]
....................  AASLH data (2016-)
....................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
....................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13015; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
....................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13015
shawabti............  [AASLH Preferred, CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.................  AASLH data (2016-)
.................  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
.................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
.................  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13015; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
.................  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-) 13015
.................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 1062
Shawabti............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Graf, Der ägyptische Glaube. Band 1: Ägyptische Amulette (2010) 399
shawtaby............  [VP]
.................  Winer, Life in the Ancient World (1961) 57
shawtabys............  [VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
sjabti............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Archea Kunsthandel
tesoro funerario............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.............................  Stierling, Egipto. De la prehistoria a los romanos (2004) 186
Uschebti............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  Graf, Der ägyptische Glaube. Band 1: Ägyptische Amulette (2010)
ushabti............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 130167 checked 26 January 2012
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) BT figures/ Terra-cotta sculpture, Egyptian
.................  Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europeo-Americana (1958) LXVI:25
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
.................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986) shaped like the usual rep. of Osiris (i.e. w. a mummified body)
.................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 1062
.................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) sing. and plural form
Ushabti............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Graf, Der ägyptische Glaube. Band 1: Ägyptische Amulette (2010) 396
ushabtis............  [VP]
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) another acceptable plural
ushabtiu............  [VP]
.................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) another acceptable plural
ushabty............  [VP]
.................  Winer, Life in the Ancient World (1961) 57
ushabtys............  [VP]
.................  Britannica Student Encyclopedia Online (2002-)
Ushebti............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
washebti............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Archea Kunsthandel
 
Subject: .....  [AASLH, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AASLH data (2016-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 130167 checked 26 January 2012
............  Archea Kunsthandel
............  CHIN / RCIP translation (2016-)
............  Nomenclature database (2018-) http://nomenclature.info/nom/13015; scheme: Nomenclature-Objects
............  Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging / Nomenclature pour le catalogage translation project (2016-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Ushabti figures," accessed 7 January 2010
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Archea Kunsthandel
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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