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ID: 300183888
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300183888

 

Record Type: concept
sodium chloride (sodium compounds, <sodium and sodium compounds>, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: A crystalline compound, NaCl, found as colorless, cubic crystals that naturally occur in ocean water at concentrations of 2.6% and in the mineral halite. Sodium chloride is widely used for flavoring and preservation of food, for curing hides and skins, in electrochemical reactions and mordanting, in the precipitation of photographic emulsions, and for many other purposes. For any substance resulting from the combination of negative ions from acids and usually metal ions, use "salt (inorganic material)."
 
Terms:
sodium chloride (preferred,C,U,LC,CN,English-P,D,U,N)
chloride, sodium (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
common salt (C,U,C,English,UF,U,N)
氯化鈉 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U)
石鹽 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
岩鹽 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U)
lǜ huà nà (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U)
lü hua na (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U)
lü hua na (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U)
keukenzout (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
chlorure de sodium (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
cloruro sódico (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
NaCl (C,U,not applicable,UF,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of <sodium and sodium compounds>
.................... <sodium and sodium compounds> (G)
Hierarchy of sodium compounds
........................ sodium compounds (G)
Hierarchy of sodium chloride
............................ sodium chloride (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 化學式為NaCl的晶體化合物,為礦物型態或海鹽成分,可用於調味及保存食物。金屬離子和酸的負離子結合而成的物質,則請用「鹽」一詞。 
Dutch ..... Een kristallijnen verbinding, NaCl, die voorkomt als mineraal of als bestanddeel van zeezout, en die wordt gebruikt om voedsel op smaak te brengen en te conserveren. Gebruik 'zout' voor elke substantie die het resultaat is van de samenvoeging van negatieve ionen uit zuren en gewoonlijk metaalionen. 
Spanish ..... Compuesto cristalino, NaCl, que existe como mineral o constituyente de la sal del mar y que se utiliza para aderezar y preservar alimentos. Para cualquier sustancia que resulte de combinar iones negativos de ácidos con iones habitualmente metálicos, úsase "sal." 

Related concepts:
constituent of ....  halite
..........................  (mineral, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300386504]
distinguished from ....  salt (inorganic material)
..................................  (inorganic material, <materials by composition>, ... Materials (hierarchy name)) [300183627]

Sources and Contributors:
氯化鈉............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 January 29, 2010
...........  朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 1536
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1757
...........  玻璃陶瓷名詞辭典 p. 289
石鹽............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  岩石與礦物圖鑑 p. 70
岩鹽............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  岩石與礦物圖鑑 p. 235
chloride, sodium............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
chlorure de sodium............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
cloruro sódico............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.............................  Diccionario de Química y de productos químicos (1993)
.............................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 56
common salt............  [VP]
.......................  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984)
.......................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981) 427
keukenzout............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
lǜ huà nà............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
lü hua na............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
NaCl............  [VP]
...........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
sodium chloride............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 128972 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 693
.............................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
.............................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981) 427
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 128972 checked 26 January 2012
............  Brady and Clauser, Materials Handbook (1986) 693; salt
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) salt
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Dictionary of Geological Terms (1984) salt
............  Hodges, Artifacts (1989) 150; salt
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.......... Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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