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ID: 300183750
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300183750

 

Record Type: concept
encaustic paint (<paint by composition or origin>, paint (coating), ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Paint created by mixing dry pigments with molten wax, usually beeswax. Sometimes small amounts of natural resins, such as dammar or Venice turpentine, are added for hardness. Oils, such as linseed oil, are added for increased workability. Encaustic paint was used as early as the 4th and 5th centuries BCE in Greece. The paint was applied warm with a spatula or brush. It hardened quickly and fused to the surface.
 
Terms:
encaustic paint (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
encaustic (paint) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
encaustic color (C,U,American English,UF,U,N)
paint, encaustic (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
wax paint (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
wax tempera (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
encaustic colour (C,U,British English,UF,U,N)
蠟畫顏料 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
là huà yán liào (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
la hua yan liao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
la hua yan liao (Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles),UF,U,U)
wasverf (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
enkaustiek (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
encaustique (C,U,French-P,D,U,N)
peinture à l'encaustique (C,U,French,UF,U,U)
pintura a encáustica (C,U,Portuguese-P,D,U,U)
pintura encáustica (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
pintura al encausto (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by function>
............ <materials by function> (G)
Hierarchy of coating (material)
................ coating (material) (G)
Hierarchy of <coating by form>
.................... <coating by form> (G)
Hierarchy of paint (coating)
........................ paint (coating) (G)
Hierarchy of <paint by composition or origin>
............................ <paint by composition or origin> (G)
Hierarchy of encaustic paint
................................ encaustic paint (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種混合乾燥顏料與熔化精煉的蠟和樹脂所製成的顏料。在顏料尚微溫時用畫筆或調色工具塗抹至畫板或牆壁上,之後用熱物質覆蓋畫表面,使其熔合並凝固,顏料才能永久黏合。 
Dutch ..... Verf die wordt gemaakt door droge pigmenten te vermengen met gesmolten, geraffineerde was en hars. Het wordt warm aangebracht op panelen of muren met een borstel of een spatel en gefixeerd door met een warmtebron over het oppervlak te gaan om de verf permanent te smelten en vast te zetten. 
Spanish ..... Pintura creada mezclando pigmentos con cera fundida y refinada y resina. Se aplica mientras está tibia en los paneles o murales con brocha o paleta, y se fija pasando una fuente de calor sobre la superficie para que se funda y quede permanentemente unida a la pintura. 

Sources and Contributors:
蠟畫顏料............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 155
encaustic (paint)............  [VP]
................................  Preble and Preble, Artforms (1989) 137; encaustic
encaustic color............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.............................  Mayer, Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques (1981) 313
.............................  Wehlte, Materials and Techniques of Painting (1982) 556
encaustic colour............  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
encaustic paint............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............................  AATA database (2002-) 123299 checked 26 January 2012
.............................  Gottsegen, Manual of Painting Materials (1987) 263
.............................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
.............................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 29
encaustique............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.......................  CHIN database (1988-)
enkaustiek............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  RKD thesaurus
la hua yan liao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
là huà yán liào............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
paint, encaustic............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
peinture à l'encaustique............  [VP]
.........................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
pintura a encáustica............  [VP]
...................................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
pintura al encausto............  [CDBP-SNPC]
...................................  Putnam y Carlson, Diccionario de Arquitectura, Construcción y Obras Públicas (1998) 317
pintura encáustica............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
...................................  Mayer, Materiales y técnicas del arte, 1985 218-312
wasverf............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  RKD thesaurus
wax paint............  [VP]
....................  Saitzyk, Art Hardware (1987) 29
wax tempera............  [JPGM Preferred, VP]
.......................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, JPGM, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 123299 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... RKD thesaurus
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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