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ID: 300139435
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300139435

 

Record Type: concept
curule chairs (folding stools, <stools by design>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Folding stools having curved legs forming a wide X, no back, and low arms. They were originally easily transportable chairs for magisterial commanders in the field; over time, the seat developed a hieratic significance; Ancient Roman folding curule stools were used by senators and magistrates. Although often of luxurious construction, the Roman curule was meant to be uncomfortable, symbolizing that the official should carry out his duties in an efficient and timely manner.
 
Terms:
curule chairs (preferred,C,U,English-P,UF,U,PN)
curule chair (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
chairs, curule (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
sella curulis (C,U,English,UF,L,SN)
sella curulis (Latin,UF,U,U)
sellae curulis (C,U,English,UF,L,PN)
sellae curulis (Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sellae curulis (Latin,UF,U,U)
curule seats (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
curule stools (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
古羅馬摺疊凳 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
古羅馬高官凳 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
高官席 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gǔ luó ma zhé dié dèng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gu luo ma zhe die deng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ku lo ma che tieh teng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
sedia curule (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)
sillas curul (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
silla curul (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
curul (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of furniture
.................... furniture (G)
Hierarchy of <furniture by form or function>
........................ <furniture by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of seating furniture
............................ seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of single seating furniture
................................ single seating furniture (G)
Hierarchy of stools (seating furniture)
.................................... stools (seating furniture) (G)
Hierarchy of <stools by design>
........................................ <stools by design> (G)
Hierarchy of folding stools
............................................ folding stools (G)
Hierarchy of curule chairs
................................................ curule chairs (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 具有形成張大之X形的彎曲椅腳、無椅背,扶手低的摺疊凳。原本是供地方行政官在戶外就座,便於運送的椅子;隨著時間發展,該椅逐漸產生神職意義;古羅馬的摺疊高官凳由元老院議員及地方行政官使用。該羅馬高官席雖常構造豪華,但本應不舒適,象徵官員應以有效率且及時的態度盡其職責。 
Dutch ..... Oud-Romeinse opklapbare krukken die door senatoren en magistraten werden gebruikt. 
Spanish ..... Taburetes plegables de la Antigua Roma usados por senadores y magistrados. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  campeche chairs
..................................  (<chairs by form>, chairs (furniture forms), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300265223]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  X-chairs
..................................................  (<chairs by form>, chairs (furniture forms), ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300037904]

Sources and Contributors:
古羅馬摺疊凳............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
古羅馬高官凳............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
高官席............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
chairs, curule............  [VP]
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
curul............  [CDBP-SNPC]
..............  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 196
curule chair............  [VP]
.......................  Metropolitan Museum of Art [online] (2001-)
curule chairs............  [VP Preferred]
..........................  Aronson, Book of Furniture and Decoration (1952) 158
..........................  Fairbanks and Bates, American Furniture (1981) 530
..........................  Fleming and Honour, Dictionary of the Decorative Arts (1977) 164
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..........................  Hayward, World Furniture (1965) 309
curule seats............  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
curule stools............  [VP]
..........................  Metropolitan Museum of Art, Online collections records (2000)
gǔ luó ma zhé dié dèng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
gu luo ma zhe die deng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
ku lo ma che tieh teng............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
sedia curule............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
.......................  ICCD database (1988-)
sella curulis............  [VP]
..........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
sellae curulis............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Charlish, ed., History of Furniture (1976) 16
.............................  Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
.............................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 433
silla curul............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 587
.......................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 781
.......................  Rodríguez Bernis, Diccionario de Mobiliario (2006) 303
sillas curul............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, ICCD, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  Aronson, Encyclopedia of Furniture (1959) 378; Sellae
............  Harrap's New College French and English Dictionary (1982) chaises curules
............  Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Metropolitan Museum of Art, Online collections records (2000)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Hofstede, Meubelkunst (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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