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ID: 300132861
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300132861

 

Record Type: concept
lace (needlework) (needlework (visual works), <visual works by material or technique>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to a fine, openwork ornamental textile work formed by looping, interlacing, twisting, plaiting, or braiding threads of linen, cotton, silk, hair, metal, or another fiber to form designs or patterns. Lace may be made with a needle or with bobbins. Embroidery may be added. Modern lace may be made by machine. Openwork fabrics made on a loom and ornamental openwork knitting are generally not classified as lace. Lace is often white or monochromatic. True lace developed in the fourteenth century in Europe and the Middle East, although ornamented openwork fabrics were known in ancient cultures, including the Egyptian culture. Lace may be used as a border, edging, or insert on linens or apparel; it is also formed into large pieces of cloth used for hangings, draperies, apparel, or other items.
 
Terms:
lace (needlework) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
lacework (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
kant (naaldwerk) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
kantwerk (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
dentelle (lace) (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
Spitzenarbeit (C,U,German-P,D,U,PN)
Spitzen (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Spitze (Textilien) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
merletto (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
encaje (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by material or technique>
................ <visual works by material or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of needlework (visual works)
.................... needlework (visual works) (G)
Hierarchy of lace (needlework)
........................ lace (needlework) (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by form>
............ <materials by form> (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by physical form>
................ <materials by physical form> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber and fiber by product>
.................... <fiber and fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of <fiber by product>
........................ <fiber by product> (G)
Hierarchy of textile materials
............................ textile materials (G)
Hierarchy of <textile materials by process or technique>
................................ <textile materials by process or technique> (G)
Hierarchy of lace (needlework)
.................................... lace (needlework) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar fijn, decoratief ajourwerk in textiel, gemaakt door draden van linnen, katoen, zijde, haar, metaal of een andere vezel in lussen te leggen, in te rijgen, samen te draaien of te vervlechten om ontwerpen of patronen te vormen. Bij het maken van kant wordt gewerkt met een naald of met klossen. Het toevoegen van borduursels is niet ongewoon. Modern kant kan machinaal zijn vervaardigd. Ajourstoffen die op een weefgetouw zijn gemaakt en decoratief ajourbreiwerk worden doorgaans niet als kant geclassificeerd. Kant is vaak wit of effen van kleur. Echt kant ontstond in de veertiende eeuw in Europa en het Midden-Oosten, hoewel oude culturen bekend waren met gedecoreerde ajourstoffen, waaronder de Egyptische cultuur. Kant is te gebruiken als rand, boord of inzetstuk voor linnengoed of apparels. Ook wordt het samengevoegd tot grotere stukken textiel en dan gebruikt als voorhang, draperie, apparel of iets anders. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf eine feine, durchbrochene Textilarbeit mit Ornamenten, deren Entwürfe oder Muster durch Verknoten, Verschlingen, Verdrehen, Verflechten oder Verschnüren von Fäden aus Leinen, Baumwolle, Silber, Haaren, Metall oder anderem Material entstehen. Spitze kann mit Nadeln oder mit Klöppeln hergestellt werden. Stickereien können hinzugefügt werden. Moderne Spitze kann maschinell gefertigt sein. Durchbrucharbeiten, die an einem Webstuhl entstanden sind oder ornamentale gestrickte Arbeiten werden generell nicht als Spitze bezeichnet. Spitze ist oft weiß oder einfarbig. Echte Spitze wurde im 14. Jahrhundert in Europa und dem Nahen Osten entwickelt, obwohl es auch in antiken Kulturen, wie in Ägypten, gemusterte Durchbrucharbeiten gab. Spitze kann als Borte oder Rand verwendet werden oder auf Leinen oder Kleidung befestigt; als große Stücke wird sie für Behänge, Tuchwaren, Kleidung oder andere Gegenstände verwendet.  
Spanish ..... Se refiere a trabajos en textil finos, calados y ornamentados formados por hilos enlazados, entrelazados, trenzados o engalonados de lino, algodón, seda, cabello, metal u otra fibra para formar diseños o motivos. Los encajes pueden estar hechos con agujas o con bolillo. Se le pueden agregar bordados. El encaje moderno puede ser hecho a máquina. Géneros calados hechos de un tejido ornamental calado a telar generalmente no se clasifican como encaje. El encaje es con frecuencia blanco o monocromático. El verdadero encaje fue desarrollado en el siglo XIV en Europa y Medio Oriente, aunque géneros con calados ornamentales ya eran conocidos en culturas antiguas, incluyendo la cultura egipcia. Los encajes pueden ser usados como bordes, cantos o insertados en mantelería o ropa; también es empleado en grandes piezas de ropa para cuelgas, draperias, ropa y otros elementos.  

Related concepts:
created by ....  lace makers
..................  (<textile workers by product>, textile workers, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025358]

Sources and Contributors:
dentelle (lace)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.............................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981)
.............................  CHIN database (1988-)
.............................  Lace Trading International [online] (2003)
encaje............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1990) 270
.................  Fleming y Honour, Diccionario de Artes Decorativas (1987) 273
.................  Miller, Enciclopedia de Antigüedades (1999)
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 1094
kant (naaldwerk)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.............................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
kantwerk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
lace (needlework)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................  AATA database (2002-) 126574 checked 26 January 2012
................................  Clabburn, Needleworker's Dictionary (1976) 152
................................  Cunnington et al., Dictionary of English Costume (1965) 261
................................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1966) 56
................................  Emery, Primary Structure of Fabrics (1980) 56
................................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987) Vol. 1, 31
................................  Levey, Lace (1983) 122
................................  Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 520
................................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
................................  Swift, Larousse Encyclopedia of Embroidery Techniques (1984) illustration, 115
................................  Verlet, 18th Century in France (1967)
................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
................................  Wingate, Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, 6th ed. (1979) 339
................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
lacework............  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) "Lace;" accessed 04/10/2001.
merletto............  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 317
Spitze (Textilien)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4125118-0
...................................  Wortschatz Universität Leipzig [online] (1998 -) http://www.duden.de/node/639653/revisions/1219731/view
Spitzen............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Spitzenarbeit............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred, VP]
..........................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1978) 569
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 126574 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Dillmont, Complete Encyclopedia of Needlework (1996)
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Lace." Accessed 04/10/2001.
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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