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ID: 300106757
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300106757

 

Record Type: concept
Eneolithic (transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age, three-age system, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the period and culture associated with the transitional phase between the Stone Age and the Bronze Age. Some scholars distinguish this period from the Chalcolithic by classifying Eneolithic as late Neolithic, when copper and flint implements were used at the same time, while Chalcolithic would be the transitional phase when bronze and stone were used at the same time. Most literature does not make the distinction, and uses the term "Chalcolithic" to cover this entire phase. An exception is among Italian scholars, who tend to use the term "Eneolithic" instead.
 
Terms:
Eneolithic (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A)
Aeneolithic (C,U,English,UF,U,U)
銅石器時代 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
tóng shí qì shí dài (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
tong shi qi shi dai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
t'ung shih ch'i shih tai (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
aeneolithisch (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Eneolítico (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  F.FL

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Styles and Periods Facet
Styles and Periods Facet
Hierarchy of Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)
.... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <styles, periods, and cultures by general era>
........ <styles, periods, and cultures by general era> (G)
Hierarchy of three-age system
............ three-age system (G)
Hierarchy of transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age
................ transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age (G)
Hierarchy of Eneolithic
.................... Eneolithic (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 指與石器時代和青銅器時代之間的過渡階段有關聯的時代和文化,有些學者將此時代歸類於新石器時代晚期,此時銅和燧石器具是並用的,藉此與凱可利希克時代(Chalcolithic)作區隔,後者指的是青銅器和石器並用的過渡階段。大多數的文獻沒有區分兩者,使用詞彙「銅石並用時代」涵蓋這整個階段,唯一的例外是義大利學者,他們傾向使用「銅石器時代」此一詞彙。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar de periode en cultuur die wordt geassocieerd met de overgangsfase tussen Steentijd en Bronstijd. Sommige geleerden onderscheiden deze periode van de chalcolithische door aeneolithisch te rangschikken onder het laat-neolithisch, toen koperen en vuurstenen gereedschappen naast elkaar werden gebruikt, en het chalcolithisch te beschouwen als de overgangsfase waarin brons en steen naast elkaar werden gebruikt. In de meeste literatuur wordt dit onderscheid niet gemaakt en gebruikt men de term 'chalcolithisch' voor de gehele periode. Een uitzondering vindt men onder Italiaanse wetenschappers, die vaak de voorkeur geven aan 'aeneolithisch'. 
Spanish ..... Se refiere al período y cultura asociados con la etapa de transición entre la Edad de Piedra y la Edad de Bronce. Algunos estudiosos distinguen este período del calcolítico clasificando Eneolitico como Neolítico Tardío, cuando los utensilios de cobre y sílex fueron usados al mismo tiempo, mientras Calcolítico sería la etapa de transición cuando el bronce y la piedra fueron usados al mismo tiempo. La mayoría de la literatura no hace la diferenciación y usa el término "Calcolítico” para cubrir esta etapa completa. Una excepción existe entre estudiosos italianos, quienes tienden a usar el término "Eneolítico” en su lugar. 

Related concepts:
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  Chalcolithic
..................................................  (transitional periods Stone Age to Bronze Age, three-age system, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300019273]

Sources and Contributors:
銅石器時代............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
..............  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 1, 33
Aeneolithic............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary (1989)
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
aeneolithisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Eneolithic............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 123311 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978) 11
.......................  Ehrich, ed. , Chronologies, 2d ed. reprint (1971) IND
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
Eneolítico............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.......................  Alcina Franch, Diccionario de Arqueología (1998) 154
tong shi qi shi dai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
tóng shí qì shí dài............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
t'ung shih ch'i shih tai............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.........................................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 123311 checked 26 January 2012
............  Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Legacy AAT data
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Winkler Prins Encyclopedie (1990)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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