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ID: 300080064
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300080064

 

Record Type: concept
red chalk (chalk, inorganic material, ... Materials (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Drawing medium made from natural red clay containing iron ocher, ranging in color from reddish brown to blood red. It was used for wall paintings by ancient Egyptians and Romans; in the 16th century it was a popular drawing medium. Originally cut from deposits but later fabricated from the same material.
 
Terms:
red chalk (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
chalk, red (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
natural red chalk (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sanguine (red chalk) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
sanguine (red chalk) (French-P,D,U,N)
紅堊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
紅色白堊 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
赭紅粉筆 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
hóng è (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
hong e (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hung e (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
rood krijt (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
sanguina (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  M.MT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Materials Facet
Materials Facet
Hierarchy of Materials (hierarchy name)
.... Materials (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of materials (substances)
........ materials (substances) (G)
Hierarchy of <materials by composition>
............ <materials by composition> (G)
Hierarchy of inorganic material
................ inorganic material (G)
Hierarchy of chalk
.................... chalk (G)
Hierarchy of red chalk
........................ red chalk (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 一種將赤鐵礦擴散於黏土中合成的白堊,自文藝復興時代起即用於繪畫。最先以切割沉澱物製成,之後則用相同材料仿造而成。 
Dutch ..... Kalk bestaande uit roodijzererts vermengd in klei; wordt gebruikt voor het maken van tekeningen sinds de Renaissance. Oorspronkelijk werd het uit afzettingen gesneden maar later werd het van hetzelfde materiaal gemaakt. 
Spanish ..... Tiza compuesta de hematita difundida en arcilla y utilizada para dibujar desde el Renacimiento. Cortada originalmente en depósitos, pero posteriormente fabricada con los mismos materiales. 

Sources and Contributors:
紅堊............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 375
紅色白堊............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  岩石與礦物圖鑑 p. 237
赭紅粉筆............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  雄獅西洋美術辭典 p. 972
chalk, red............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
hong e............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
hóng è............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
hung e............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.................  TELDAP database (2009-)
natural red chalk............  [VP]
................................  Watrous, Craft of Old Master Drawings (1957) 93
red chalk............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AATA database (2002-) 128067 checked 26 January 2012
....................  Ames-Lewis, Drawing in Early Renaissance Italy (1981) GLOS
....................  Goldman, Looking at Drawings (1979)
....................  Meder, Mastery of Drawing (1978)
....................  MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
rood krijt............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
sanguina............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 1027
sanguine (red chalk)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
...................................  CHIN database (1988-)
...................................  Meder, Mastery of Drawing (1978) glossary
...................................  Watrous, Craft of Old Master Drawings (1957) 94
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 128067 checked 26 January 2012
............  CHIN database (1988-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Meder, Mastery of Drawing (1978)
.......... MFA Conservation and Art Material Encyclopedia Online: CAMEO (2005-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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