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ID: 300075940

 

Record Type: concept
altarpieces (religious visual works, <visual works by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to painted or carved image-bearing objects in a Christian church. Altarpieces are characterized by usually being framed and either set on the rear part of the altar abutting the back of the altarblock or hung on the wall behind the altar. Altarpieces may be set on both the central high altar and side altars. The subject of the image is typically a religious figure or figures, often included in a narrative or didactic scene; it may also include a patron of the church.
 
Terms:
altarpieces (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
altarpiece (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
altar-pieces (C,U,English,UF,U,PN)
altar-piece (C,U,English,UF,U,SN)
altaarstukken (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
altaarstuk (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
tableaux d'autel (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
tableau d'autel (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
tableaux d'autels (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
retable (altarpiece) (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
postautel (C,U,French,UF,U,N)
Altarbilder (C,U,German,D,PN)
Altarbild (C,U,German-P,AD,U,N)
Altaraufsatz (Altarbild) (C,U,German,UF,U,SN)
Altarretabel (Altarbild) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Altaraufsätze (Altarbilder) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
Altaraufsatze (C,U,German,UF,U,PN)
Altäre (altarpieces) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
Altare (altarpieces) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)  ............ Austrian spelling
Altar (altarpiece) (C,U,German,UF,U,N)
pale d'altare (C,U,Italian-P,D,U,PN)
pala d'altare (C,U,Italian,AD,U,SN)  ............ from the Latin "pallium," meaning cloak and referring to the ancient practice of hanging drapery behind the altar
altarolo (C,U,Italian,UF,U,U)
cuadros de altar (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
cuadro de altar (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.VC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)
.... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Visual Works (hierarchy name)
........ Visual Works (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of visual works (works)
............ visual works (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <visual works by function>
................ <visual works by function> (G)
Hierarchy of religious visual works
.................... religious visual works (G)
Hierarchy of altarpieces
........................ altarpieces (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar geschilderde of beeldgesneden beelddragende objecten in christelijke kerken. Kenmerkend voor altaarstukken is dat deze meestal zijn ingelijst, en dat ze óf aan de achterkant van het altaar zijn opgesteld, aansluitend op de achterkant van het altaarblok, óf op de muur achter het altaar zijn gehangen. Altaarstukken kunnen op zowel het centrale hoogaltaar als op de zijaltaren zijn geplaatst. Op de afbeelding zijn doorgaans religieuze figuren te zien die dikwijls deel uitmaken van een verhalende of didactische scène. Ook een beschermheilige van de kerk wordt vaak op een altaarstuk afgebeeld. 
German ..... Bezieht sich auf ein gemaltes oder ein geschnitztes Bild tragendes Objekt in einer christlichen Kirche. Ein Altarbild ist gewöhnlich dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es gerahmt ist und entweder an die Rückseite des Altars gesetzt ist, an den hinteren Teil des Altarblocks anstoßend, oder an der Wand hinter dem Altar hängt. Ein Altarbild kann sowohl auf den zentralen Hochaltar als auch auf Seitenaltäre gesetzt sein. Das Thema des Bildes ist normalerweise eine religiöse Figur oder Figuren, oft in eine erzählende oder belehrende Szene eingefügt; es kann auch einen Patron der Kirche enthalten. 
Spanish ..... Imágenes religiosas en, sobre o detrás del altar de una iglesia cristiana. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  altarpiece painters
..................  (<painters by location or context>, painters (artists), ... People (hierarchy name)) [300386201]
distinguished from ....  devotional images (religious works)
..................................  (religious visual works, <visual works by function>, ... Visual and Verbal Communication (hierarchy name)) [300178241]
distinguished from ....  dossals (curtains)
..................................  (<coverings and hangings for altars and altar components>, <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300204851]
distinguished from ....  superfrontals
..................................  (<coverings and hangings for altars and altar components>, <coverings and hangings for religious building fixtures>, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)) [300204866]
provide context ....  predellas
............................  (visual works components, <components by specific context>, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300003745]
used/located in ....  altars (religious fixtures)
............................  (<altars and altar components>, religious building fixtures, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300003725]

Sources and Contributors:
altaarstuk............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
altaarstukken............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
..........................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
..........................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
Altar (altarpiece)............  [VP]
...................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
Altaraufsatz (Altarbild)............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.........................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4136462-4
.........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
Altaraufsatze............  [VP]
..........................  Cassell's German Dictionary (2002)
Altaraufsätze (Altarbilder)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...............................................  AAT-Deutsch (2012-)
Altarbild............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred, VP]
....................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/698927/revisions/1082799/view
....................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Altarbild
....................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4142022-6
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
Altarbilder............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4142022-6
Altäre (altarpieces)............  [VP]
...................................  Cassell's German Dictionary (2002) 27
Altare (altarpieces)............  [VP]
...................................  Cassell's German Dictionary (2002) 27
altarolo............  [ICCD, VP]
.................  ICCD database (1988-)
altarpiece............  [VP]
.......................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988)
altar-piece............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-)
altarpieces............  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  AATA database (2002-) 120330 checked 26 January 2012
.......................  Avery Index (1963-)
.......................  Candidate term Candidate term - Avery - July 1987
.......................  Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
.......................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984)
.......................  Pierce, From Abacus to Zeus (1987)
.......................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
.......................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
altar-pieces............  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 12 August 2003
Altarretabel (Altarbild)............  [IfM-SMB-PK, VP]
.........................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4136462-4
.........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
cuadro de altar............  [CDBP-DIBAM Preferred, VP]
.............................  Oxford-Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995)
.............................  Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 66
.............................  Tesauro de Arte & Arquitectura (TAA) [online] (2000-)
cuadros de altar............  [CDBP-DIBAM, VP]
.............................  Comité, Plural del término en singular
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
pala d'altare............  [ICCD Preferred, VP]
..........................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
..........................  ICCD database (1988-)
pale d'altare............  [VP]
..........................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983)
..........................  National Gallery of Art, Washington online (2001-) "Pale d'altare italiane e sculture religiosa del '300," accessed 8 November 2007
postautel............  [VP]
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
retable (altarpiece)............  [VP]
...................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
tableau d'autel............  [VP]
.............................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 2:15
tableaux d'autel............  [CHIN, VP]
.............................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 2:15
.............................  Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel (2007-) accessed 8 November 2007
.............................  Mander, Le Livre des peintres (2002) 25
.............................  Patrimoine de France (2000-) accessed 8 November 2007
tableaux d'autels............  [VP]
................................  Stendhal, Histoire de la peinture en Italie (2001) 68
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-DIBAM, GCI, ICCD, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 120330 checked 26 January 2012
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Gothic altarpieces; Baroque altarpieces; Medieval altarpieces; Romanesque altarpieces
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 25 August 2003
.......... Lucie-Smith, Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms (1986)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-DIBAM]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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