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ID: 300054098
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300054098

 

Record Type: concept
hammering (metal finishing) (<metal finishing processes and techniques>, <metalworking processes and techniques>, ... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to the process of striking metal with a hammer or other instrument in order to create a vessel or other shape, or to create decoration. The oldest technique may have been to create a thin disk of metal by hammering it into a hollow carved in a block of wood. A vessel may be slowly raised by being struck on the outside surface using a specially shaped hammer and anvil. Embossing or repoussé work use hammering to create a design or pattern in a metal object, usually by hammering from the back of the piece.
 
Terms:
hammering (metal finishing) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,U)
hammered (metal finishing) (C,U,English,AD,U,U)
錘鍛 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
鎚鍛 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
chuí duàn (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
chui duan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
ch'ui tuan (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
hameren (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
gehamerd (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
martilleo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
martilleado (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  K.KT

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Activities Facet
Activities Facet
Hierarchy of Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name)
.... Processes and Techniques (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <processes and techniques by specific type>
........ <processes and techniques by specific type> (G)
Hierarchy of <processes and techniques by material>
............ <processes and techniques by material> (G)
Hierarchy of <metalworking and metalworking processes and techniques>
................ <metalworking and metalworking processes and techniques> (G)
Hierarchy of <metalworking processes and techniques>
.................... <metalworking processes and techniques> (G)
Hierarchy of <metal finishing processes and techniques>
........................ <metal finishing processes and techniques> (G)
Hierarchy of hammering (metal finishing)
............................ hammering (metal finishing) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 以錘具或其他工具擊打金屬,以塑造成器或其他形制,或製成裝飾的過程。最早的鎚鍛技術可能於刻在木塊的凹洞上,敲打出金屬薄盤。器具可藉由形狀特殊的錘子與鐵砧,自外側表面慢慢擊製敲打成形。浮雕壓印或鏤雕品作品會使用鎚鍛技法,在金屬物件上創造出設計花樣或圖案,大多從物件的背面加以敲打製作。 
Dutch ..... Verwijst naar het procedé van met een hamer of ander gereedschap op metaal slaan om een vat of ander voorwerp te maken, of om versiering aan te brengen. De oudste techniek hierbij was mogelijk het maken van een dunne schijf van metaal door het metaal in een holte in een blok hout te hameren. Een vat kan langzaam worden gevormd doordat op het buitenste oppervlak wordt geslagen met behulp van een speciaal gevormde hamer en aambeeld. Bij bosseleren of repousséwerk wordt gebruikgemaakt van hameren om een dessin of patroon aan te brengen in een metalen voorwerp, gewoonlijk door op de achterkant van het voorwerp te hameren. 

Sources and Contributors:
錘鍛............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica
鎚鍛............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica
chui duan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica
chuí duàn............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
....................  AS-Academia Sinica
ch'ui tuan............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......................  AS-Academia Sinica
gehamerd............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
hameren............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
hammered (metal finishing)............  [VP]
...............................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
hammering (metal finishing)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
...............................................  AATA database (2002-) 124495 checked 26 January 2012
...............................................  Knight's American Mechanical Dictionary (1874)
...............................................  Light, Dictionary of Blacksmithing Terms (2007)
...............................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
martilleado............  [CDBP-SNPC]
.......................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996)
martilleo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
....................  Malgorn, Diccionario Técnico (1996)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 124495 checked 26 January 2012
............  Diagram Group and Midgley, Handtools of Arts and Crafts (1981) 8; Hammering and heating
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Metalworking: Gold and silver." accessed 23 September 2003.
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)

 

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