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ID: 300037592
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300037592

 

Record Type: concept
lamps (lighting devices) (<lighting devices by form>, lighting devices, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Lighting devices having a vessel to contain fuel used as a source of illumination, such as grease or oil. The term also refers to relatively small -- of a size to be placed on or beside a desk or table -- household or office lighting devices that incorporate a vessel of glass or some similar material that encloses the source of illumination, whether a candle, oil, gas-jet, or incandescent wire inside a light bulb. The lamp was invented at least as early as 70,000 BCE, originally consisting of a hollowed-out rock filled with moss or some other absorbent material that was soaked with animal fat and ignited. To refer to the glass bulbs used as a component of electric lamps, use "light bulbs."
 
Terms:
lamps (lighting devices) (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
lamp (lighting device) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
lamp (verlichtingsmiddel) (Dutch,AD,U,U)
lampen (verlichtingsmiddelen) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
Lampen (Beleuchtungsvorrichtungen) (C,U,German,D,PN)
Leuchte (Beleuchtungsvorrichtung) (C,U,German-P,AD,SN)
Lampe (Beleuchtungsvorrichtung) (C,U,German,UF,SN)
Leuchten (Beleuchtungsvorrichtungen) (C,U,German,UF,PN)
lampas (lighting devices) (C,U,Greek (transliterated)-P,D,U,PN)  ............ Greek word from which the English is derived
lámparas (artefacto de iluminación) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
lámpara (artefacto de iluminación) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
luminaires (lamps) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)
luminaries (lamps) (H,U,English,UF,U,N)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TC

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Furnishings (hierarchy name)
........ Furnishings (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of furnishings (works)
............ furnishings (works) (G)
Hierarchy of <furnishings by form or function>
................ <furnishings by form or function> (G)
Hierarchy of lighting devices
.................... lighting devices (G)
Hierarchy of <lighting devices by form>
........................ <lighting devices by form> (G)
Hierarchy of lamps (lighting devices)
............................ lamps (lighting devices) (G)

Additional Notes:
Dutch ..... Verlichtingsmiddelen met een houder voor de brandstof voor de verlichting, meestal vet of olie. De benaming wordt ook gebruikt voor lampen die met een aparte energiebron zijn verbonden, zoals gas of elektriciteit. 
German ..... Beleuchtungsvorrichtung mit einem Behälter, der Brennstoffe wie Fett oder Öl als Quelle der Lichterzeugung beinhaltet. Der Begriff bezieht sich auch auf relativ kleine Haushalts- oder Bürobeleuchtungsvorrichtungen, in Größen, die es erlauben auf oder neben einem Tisch oder Schreibtisch gestellt zu werden. Sie verfügt über ein Gefäß aus Glas oder ähnlichem Material, das die Lichtquelle umschließt, sei dies eine Kerze, Öl, ein Gasbrenner oder ein Glühfaden in einer Glühlampe. Leuchten gibt es bereits seit mindestens 70.000 Jahren vor unserer Zeitrechnung, ursprünglich bestanden sie aus ausgehöhlten Steinen, in Moos oder anderes Material, das Tierfett aufnehmen konnte, gelegt und entzündet wurde. Für einen Glaskolben, der als ein Bestandteil elektrischer Lampen verwendet wird, siehe "Glühlampe". 
Spanish ..... Aparatos de iluminación que tienen un recipiente para contener la fuente de iluminación, tal como sebo o aceite; también aquellas que tienen una fuente de energía separada a la que son conectados, tal como gas o electricidad. 

Related concepts:
created by ....  lamp makers
..................  (<people in crafts and trades by product>, <people in crafts and trades>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300386340]
distinguished from ....  light bulbs
..................................  (lighting device components, furnishings components, ... Components (hierarchy name)) [300037663]

Sources and Contributors:
lamp (lighting device)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) lamp
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
lámpara (artefacto de iluminación)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
...........................................................  Alvarez et al., Diccionario de la decoración (1968) 362
...........................................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:217
lámparas (artefacto de iluminación)............  [VP]
...........................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
lampas (lighting devices)............  [VP]
............................................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-)
Lampe (Beleuchtungsvorrichtung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
.....................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/701281/revisions/1319371/view
lampen (verlichtingsmiddelen)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred, VP]
..................................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
Lampen (Beleuchtungsvorrichtungen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/701281/revisions/1319371/view
lamps (lighting devices)............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.........................................  AATA database (2002-) 125436 checked 26 January 2012
.........................................  Avery Index (1963-) lamps
.........................................  Bacot, 19th Century Lighting (1987) index; lamps
.........................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) lamps
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.........................................  National Museum of American Art, Media Thesaurus (1980s) lamps
.........................................  Nomenclature 3.0 for Museum Cataloging (2010)
.........................................  Oxford English Dictionary (1961) lamps
.........................................  Personal Communication Anne Serio, Curator, National Museum of American History, 12/92; lamps
.........................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) lamps
.........................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) lamps
.........................................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) lamps
.........................................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) lamps
Leuchte (Beleuchtungsvorrichtung)............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/701282/revisions/1176025/view
........................................................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Leuchte
........................................................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4213323-3
Leuchten (Beleuchtungsvorrichtungen)............  [IfM-SMB-PK]
...........................................................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/701282/revisions/1176025/view
luminaires (lamps)............  [VP]
...................................  Kaufman and Christensen, IES Lighting Handbook (1984) GLOS
...................................  McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms (1978) 948
...................................  Morrow, Dictionary of Landscape Architecture (1987) 196
...................................  Pile, Interior Design (1988) 227
...................................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
...................................  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980) 574
luminaries (lamps)............  [VP]
...................................  Morrow, Dictionary of Landscape Architecture (1987) 196
 
Subject: .....  [CDBP-SNPC, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AAT-Ned (1994-)
............  AATA database (2002-) 125436 checked 26 January 2012
............  Kaufman and Christensen, IES Lighting Handbook (1984) recessed luminaires; portable luminaires; regressed luminaires; dust-proof luminaires; dust-tight luminaires; wide-angle luminaires; vapor-tight luminaires; narrow angle luminaires; flush mounted luminaires; explosion-proof luminaires
............  Morrow, Dictionary of Landscape Architecture (1987) 192; lighting fixture
............  Pile, Interior Design (1988) 218; portable lamps; illustration; recessed luminaires; illustration, 237; surface-mounted luminaires
............  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982) lighting: artificial; lighting: artificial: fittings, fixtures; lighting: artificial: fluorescent: lamps
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Medieval lamps; Byzantine lamps; Romanesque lamps; Art Nouveau lamps; Late Antique lamps; Early Christian lamps
............  Stein, Construction Glossary (1980) 576; recessed luminaires; portable luminaires
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 9 March 2009
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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