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ID: 300025389
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300025389

 

Record Type: concept
craftsmen (<people in crafts and trades>, <people by occupation>, ... People (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Refers to those who practice an occupation, trade, or pursuit requiring manual dexterity or artistic skill, typically excluding those who produce painting, sculpture, drawing, or architecture. Generally distinguished from "artists" and "architects," based on the media of their creations. For a more general term for those who construct artifacts directly by their own labor, especially as their profession or primary occupation, use "makers."
 
Terms:
craftsmen (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
craftsman (person) (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
craftsman's (person) (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
craftsmen's (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
craftspeople (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
craftsperson (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
工匠 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
藝匠 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
工藝師傅 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
gōng jiàng (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
gong jiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
kung chiang (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
ambachtslieden (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
ambachtsman (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
vakmensen (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
vakman (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
ambachtslui (C,U,Dutch,UF,U,U)
artesanos (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
artesano (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  H.HG

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Agents Facet
Agents Facet
Hierarchy of People (hierarchy name)
.... People (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of people (agents)
........ people (agents) (G)
Hierarchy of <people by occupation>
............ <people by occupation> (G)
Hierarchy of <people in crafts and trades>
................ <people in crafts and trades> (G)
Hierarchy of craftsmen
.................... craftsmen (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 所從事之行業需要精巧手藝或藝術技巧的人員,通常不包括以繪畫、雕塑、素描或建築設計為業者。由於創作時所用媒材不同,一般亦和「藝術家」及「建築師」有所區隔。對於以本身勞力直接創作或塑造出工藝品者,尤其是以製作工藝品為其專業或主要從事之行業者,可用「製造者」這個涵義較廣的詞彙稱之。 
Dutch ..... Te gebruiken voor personen die een beroep uitoefenen of handel drijven of zich bezighouden met handvaardige of andere artistieke vaardigheden. Meestal niet gebruikt voor diegenen schilderijen, beeldhouwwerken of architectuur maken. Onderscheiden van 'kunstenaars' en 'architecten' gebaseerd op de media van hun creaties. Voor een algemene term voor voor personen die zelf voorwerpen creëren of construëren, voornamelijk als hun beroep of belangrijkste bezigheid, gebruik 'makers'. 
Spanish ..... Úsese para aquellos que practican una ocupación u oficio, o profesión que requiere destreza manual o talento artístico. Para aquellos que crean o construyen artefactos directamente por su propia labor, especialmente como su profesión u oaupación primaria, use "artífice". 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  architects
..................................  (<people in the visual arts>, <people in the visual arts and related occupations>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300024987]
distinguished from ....  artists (visual artists)
..................................  (<people in the visual arts>, <people in the visual arts and related occupations>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300025103]
distinguished from ....  makers
..................................  (<people by activity>, people (agents), People (hierarchy name)) [300251917]
meaning/usage overlaps with ....  artisans
..................................................  (makers, <people by activity>, ... People (hierarchy name)) [300386205]

Sources and Contributors:
工匠............  [AS, formerly TELDAP Preferred]
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 78
藝匠............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
工藝師傅............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
...........  TELDAP database (2009-)
ambachtslieden............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.............................  Van Dale Online Woordenboek (2014-)
ambachtslui............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Online Woordenboek (2014-)
ambachtsman............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......................  Van Dale Online Woordenboek (2014-)
artesano............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) I:261
artesanos............  [VP]
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
craftsman (person)............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
craftsman's (person)............  [VP]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
craftsmen............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
....................  AATA database (2002-) 122432 checked 26 January 2012
....................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
....................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987)
....................  RIBA, Architectural Keywords (1982)
....................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990)
....................  Roberts, Construction Industry Thesaurus (1976)
....................  Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961)
....................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976)
craftsmen's............  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
craftspeople............  [VP]
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) 528
craftsperson............  [VP]
.......................  Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) 528
gong jiang............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
gōng jiàng............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
kung chiang............  [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......................  TELDAP database (2009-)
vakman............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Online Woordenboek (2014-)
vakmensen............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
....................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
....................  Van Dale Online Woordenboek (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS, formerly TELDAP, CDBP-SNPC, GCI, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 122432 checked 26 January 2012
............  Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... CDWA online (1995-)
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS, formerly TELDAP]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994)
.......... Van Dale Online Woordenboek (2014-)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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