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ID: 300024668
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300024668

 

Record Type: concept
knives (cutting tools, cutting equipment, ... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name))

 

Note: Cutting instruments consisting of a blade with a sharpened longitudinal edge fixed in a handle, either rigidly as in a table-, carving, or sheath-knife, or with a joint as in a pocket- or clasp-knife. Knives may be used to cut food, especially in serving and eating, as weapons, and for other purposes. The blade may be of steel or another metal or stone, as in the flint knives of early man, or of another material such as ivory or wood (as with a paperknife). The term also refers to tools that are shaped or used as knives, even if the edge is not particularly sharp or actually used for cutting.
 
Terms:
knives (preferred,C,U,LC,English-P,D,U,PN)
knife (C,U,English,AD,U,SN)
(C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
dāo (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
dao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
tao (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
messen (snijgereedschap) (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
mes (snijgereedschap) (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
couteaux (general cutting tools) (C,U,French-P,D,U,PN)
couteau (general cutting tool) (C,U,French,AD,U,SN)
Messer (C,U,German-P,D,B)
cuchillos (herramienta de corte) (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
cuchillo (herramienta de corte) (C,U,Spanish,AD,U,SN)
navaja (C,U,Spanish,UF,U,SN)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  V.TH

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by process>
................ <equipment by process> (G)
Hierarchy of cutting equipment
.................... cutting equipment (G)
Hierarchy of cutting tools
........................ cutting tools (G)
Hierarchy of knives
............................ knives (G)

Additional Parents:

Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name)
........ Weapons and Ammunition (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of weapons
............ weapons (G)
Hierarchy of edged weapons
................ edged weapons (G)
Hierarchy of knives
.................... knives (G)
 
Hierarchy of Objects Facet
Objects Facet
Hierarchy of Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name)
.... Furnishings and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name)
........ Tools and Equipment (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of equipment
............ equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <equipment by context>
................ <equipment by context> (G)
Hierarchy of culinary equipment
.................... culinary equipment (G)
Hierarchy of <culinary equipment for preparing and cooking food>
........................ <culinary equipment for preparing and cooking food> (G)
Hierarchy of <culinary tools and equipment for cutting>
............................ <culinary tools and equipment for cutting> (G)
Hierarchy of knives
................................ knives (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 將鋒利長刃固定在刀柄上所組成的切割用具,可分成固定式的,例如餐刀、雕刻刀,或是附有刀鞘的刀;以及帶有接合點的,例如口袋刀或摺疊刀等。刀可用於切割食物,特別是用於供應和食用飯菜,也可用作武器以及其他用途。刀刃可以用鋼、其他金屬或石頭製作,例如早期人類所使用的燧石刀,或是以象牙、木頭(如裁紙刀)等其他材質製作而成。該詞彙亦指形狀或用途類似刀的工具,即便邊緣並沒有特別銳利,或實際上未作為切割之用。 
Dutch ..... Snijgereedschap een eensnijdende kling om mee te snijden en vastgezet in een greep, ook wel 'heft' genoemd. Het gebruik varieert van het snijden van voedsel en andere materialen tot het gebruik als een wapen. de kling kan van diverse soorten metaal of andere materialen als ivoor of steen zijn gemaakt. de term verwijst ook naar gereedschap dat wel als mes gevormd is maar waarvan de kling niet scherp is, of voor snijden wordt gebruikt. 
German ..... Schneideinstrument, bestehend aus einer Klinge mit geschärfter Längskante, die in einem Griff befestigt ist, entweder in einer starren Verbindung wie bei Tafel-, Schnitz- oder Futeralmessern oder mit einem Mechanismus wie bei Klapp- oder Taschenmessern. Messer werden verwendet, um Lebensmittel zu schneiden, vor allem im Rahmen der Essenszubereitung und des Essensvorgangs selbst; darüber hinaus werden sie als Waffen und für andere Zwecke genutzt. Die Klinge kann aus Stahl oder einem anderen Metall oder aus Stein sein, wie bei den Feuersteinmesser der frühen Kulturen, oder aus einem anderen Material wie Elfenbein oder Holz (wie bei einem Papiermesser). Der Begriff bezieht sich auch auf Werkzeuge, die entsprechend geformt sind oder als Messer verwendet werden, auch wenn die Kante nicht besonders scharf oder zum Schneiden genutzt wird. 
Spanish ..... Armas que sirven principalmente para cortar, consistentes básicamente en una hoja puntiaguda con un solo filo y una empuñadura montada asimétricamente en relación al eje de la hoja, más cerca del dorso. Utensilio consistente en un borde afilado, por lo general, una hoja de acero provista de un mango, utilizado para cortar comida, especialmente para servir y comer. 

Sources and Contributors:
刀............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
........  中央研究院中英雙語知識本體詞網 April 2, 2012
........  國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 28 July, 2014 April 2, 2012
........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 April 2, 2012
........  朗文當代大辭典 962
........  牛津當代大辭典 1005
couteau (general cutting tool)............  [CHIN / RCIP, VP]
.....................................................  CHIN database (1988-)
couteaux (general cutting tools)............  [CHIN / RCIP Preferred, VP]
.....................................................  CHIN database (1988-)
cuchillo (herramienta de corte)............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred, VP]
.....................................................  Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) 826
.....................................................  Nuevo Espasa Ilustrado 2000, Diccionario Enciclopédico (1999)
.....................................................  Santi, La Cocina (1974) 26
.....................................................  The Oxford- Duden Pictorial Spanish and English Dictionary (1995) 482
cuchillos (herramienta de corte)............  [VP]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
dao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
dāo............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
knife............  [VP]
..............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) knife
..............  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
knives............  [GCI Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  AATA database (2002-) 125356 checked 26 January 2012
.................  Balancier and Maquet,eds., Dictionary of Black African Civilization (1974) 29; knives
.................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
.................  Blackmore, Hunting Weapons (1972)
.................  Blair, European and American Arms (1962)
.................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) knives
.................  Clayton, Collector's Dictionary of Silver and Gold (1971)
.................  Detroit Art Registration and Information System Glossary (1980)
.................  Diagram Group and Midgley, Handtools of Arts and Crafts (1981) illustration, 33; knives
.................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
.................  Hummel, With Hammer in Hand (1968) 87; knives
.................  Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Silverware (1987) 189
.................  Pickford, Silver Flatware (1983)
.................  Winterthur Museum, Object name list, unpub. (1987) knives
.................  Worcester Art Museum Library, List of subject headings, unpub. (1976) knives
mes (snijgereedschap)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned]
......................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
......................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
messen (snijgereedschap)............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.........................................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.........................................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Messer............  [IfM-SMB-PK Preferred]
.................  Duden [online] (2011-) http://www.duden.de/node/719474/revisions/1347479/view
.................  DWDS - Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [online] (2008-) http://www.dwds.de/?view=1&qu=Messer
.................  GND - Gemeinsame Normdatei http://d-nb.info/gnd/4169502-1
.................  OBG - Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen in Bayern, Oberbegriffsdatei (2012) IRI: x006718x
navaja............  [CDBP-SNPC, VP]
.................  Nuevo Espasa Ilustrado 2000, Diccionario Enciclopédico (1999)
tao............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, CHIN / RCIP, GCI, IfM-SMB-PK, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  AATA database (2002-) 125356 checked 26 January 2012
............  Blair, European and American Arms (1962) 13, knives with sheathes; sheath-knives
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) glass knives
............  Chenhall, Revised Nomenclature (1988) precoord.; knife, sheath
............  CHIN database (1988-)
............  Oxford English Dictionary (1961) sheath-knives
............  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) precoor.; Medieval knives
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 5 December 2007
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... AS-Academia Sinica data (2014-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
German .......... [IfM-SMB-PK]
.......... IfM Berlin
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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